Essay about Mexico City
Wealth and Poverty in Mexico City
All big cities have certain problems. Administrating vast areas and ruling many people is a complicated task that only a skillful government can perform with success. The greatest problem of Mexico City, as one of the most populated cities in the world, is a significant economic disparity among its inhabitants. This paper will discuss the causes of Mexico City’s financial misbalance and offer some possible solutions.
Mexico City is a capital of Mexico and has a population of almost 9 million people. The central areas are densely populated and the southern mountain part has a limited number if inhabitants. The economic diversity between these groups is obvious. “The living conditions and welfare of Mexico City’s inhabitants vary dramatically according to socioeconomic class and the colonia (neighbourhood) they live in”. Thus, two words – wealth and poverty – used together, when describing Mexico City, are not an example of an oxymoron.
The causes of Mexico City economic disparities have been forming during a long historic period. In 1521 with the fall of Aztec Empire, Spaniards established a multicultural colonial state. When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1820, the new government abolished the casta stratification for the sake of harmonic economy development. Mexican Revolution 1910-1920 made Mexico City a focus of the events. The greatest change was an agrarian reform, the aim of which was expropriating large landholdings and giving them to peasants. As a result, 80 per cent of the remaining aristocrats has relocated to Mexico City. Most important they served as the model of high society for the rising plutocrats, who had become wealthy in manufacturing, commerce and finance. Modern political and social scholars complain at the fact that the racial diversity of Mexico City has no correlation with the class distribution. The population stratification in Mexico City is a complicated system as middle stratum and upper stratum each include three sub-stratums. The economic diversity in the middle of one class is quite significant.
27 billionaires live in the Mexico City, but an average worker earns less than $ 5 per day. There are lots of homeless people and high rate of unemployment and unofficial employment. Therefore, the main reasons of Mexico City being wealth and poor at the same time is historic background based on clear stratum division through the entire formation of the country, high level of immigration that greatly vary in their economic development and join different classes, as well as low rural development.
There is no doubt that the Mexican government makes numerous steps to improve the situation in the area. It develops a great number of plans to fight environmental problems (especially in the rural areas), reduce inequalities in educational opportunities and healthcare access, etc. One of the programs was named “a model from Mexico for the world”. Its idea is very simple – give money to a mother to encourage her to send her children to school and to the health center. This initiative has already increased school enrollment in Mexico City and other cities and improved children’s health indices. In the nearest future it is very important for the government to reduce the number of “shadow” workers and introduce strict regulations for immigration process.
To conclude, it is important to state that Mexico City is not the only megacity that suffers from a great economic gap between the rich and the poor. It is pleasant to note that the Mexican government does a lot to contract this gap and needs even more long-term programs. The main task of the city’s government is to make people’s life in Mexico City equally comfortable for everybody.