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Abortion is one of the disputed practices in the society. The nature and circumstances under which abortion is conducted vary considerably in various places. For instance, in countries where it is permitted, it is usually done under specific guidelines dictated by the law. On the other hand, individuals in countries that do not allow it, always procure abortion through dubious means. For example, it can be done privately by less qualified doctors. “The history of induced abortion is quite long, and it has been facilitated by various techniques such application of herbal abortifacients and physical truma” (Mary 45). Various tools have also been used to conduct it. The advancements in comtemporary medicine have led to significant improvements in the manner abortion is administered. For instance, surgical procedures applied in hospitals have enhanced the safety of women undergoing this process.
The subject of abortion has been seriously debated both in religious and political circles. The general question is why should people practice abortion? The majority of people oppose to this issue when it is raised in any discussion. Such individuals contend that life is very important. Hence, they do not see the need of people engaging in abortion practices, which lead to destruction of life. In my view, abortion should be condemned due to the following reasons.
Religious people see the practice of abortion as a vice that should be campaigned against, since it involves termination of the life of the unborn.On the contrary, some medical practitioners argue that a mother’s health should be prioritized in a situation where a choice has to be made between ending the mother’s or the baby’s life. In the society, it is generally considered unethical to practice abortion, since most cases arise as a result of unwanted pregnancies. Consequently, allowing abortion practices would lead to reckless sexual conducts in the society. Unsafe abortion endangers the mother’s life. Moreover, any destruction of human life is considered to be morally wrong.
Abortion can be condemned from a pro life perspective, and it involves political, ethical and moral opposition of abortion conducted for reasons other than the mother’s health. Since life starts at conception, the human embryo is considered an individual, and should not be denied the right to life. On the contrary, pro choice activists fight for women reproductive rights, which include the right to legal and safe abortion (Naden 27). They also advocate for women to be begiven a chance to make such choices without discrimination, coercion or violence.
The modern pro life movement is based on religious beliefs. For instance, Roman Catholic Church followers believe that birth control methods are are linked to abortion. For example, they dismiss the application of emergency contraceptive pills on the basis that they prevent the implantation of fetus in the womb. In this case, they believe that such reproductive health practices are against religious principles. The church also denounces procured abortion as an evil action (Naden 34). Conversely, the Jewish traditional religion permits abortion as a means of safeguarding a pregnant woman’s welfare. Catholics also authorize abortion if the health of the mother is likely to be jeopardized. However, the Protestants views on abortion vary considerably, depending on how each of them perceive the practice of a bortion. The Orthodox Church considers abortion as immoral in all cases, and they are also opposed to the laws, which sanction the practice. Other major protestant churches such as the United States Presbyterian Church advocate for women reproductive rights (Mary 5).
In Islamic countries, the issue of abortion has not received much controversy. In the case of muslims, women are expected to seek medical, religious and state permission before procuring an abortion. However, it is not permissible four months after conception, and even prior to this period. According to the muslims, it should only be procured if the mother was raped or if her life is endangered by pregnancy. In India, there is less pro life activism, but the Hindu religion is generally opposed to abortion. Nonetheless, the practice is widespread in India because it is conducted for the purpose of sex choice. This happens since the Indian’s culture encourages boy to girl child preference. Women comprise the pro life activists in India, and they oppose the advertising of products that help determine the sex of the embryo (Kaczor 145).
Majority of the contemporary Jews are pro choice. In Israel, Efrat the main pro life organization fights against abortion practices by empowering pregnant women. The organization avails funds to pregnant women in order to mitigate social and financial challenges that may compel them to practice abortion. In Europe, “abortion is legalized through the acts of parliament, but its use has been closely regulated, especially, in Western Europe” (Kaczor 178). Contrary to Europe, in the United States there are many pro life organizations, whose resentment to abortion is based on legal, economic an moral parameters.
“Concerning the legalization of abortion, pro choice activists argue that its abolition leads to many cases of unsafe abortions” (Naden 44). This is because if it remains illegal, professional abortion services will not be available. Hence, many lives will be lost, due to unscrupulous abortion practices. Pro choice advocates are also of the opinion that unwanted children are likely to become criminals. In this case, “they believe that there is a correlation between legalization of abortion and rate of crime” (Durand 69). Conversely, this is not a justification because a fetus has life, which is a right that should be respected.
It is also argued that even if a fetus should be allowed to live, abortion is morally allowed because a woman has a right to control her body. Hence, the fetus should not continue staying in her body against her wish, thus, abortion should be carried out. However, such a right cannot be weighed against the life of the unborn. Consequently, if a abortion is committed, it would lead to discrimination against the fetus (Durand 51). If aborted, the unborn child would also be denied a valuable future full of experiences, enjoyment and other activities.
If abortion is legitimized, it can adversely effect the economy in several ways. First, legalization of abortion must be accompanied by more health services related to handling it. The health requirements attached to its legalization will further strain the few available health resources. Moreover, the resources that would be diverted towards dealing with abortion can be more useful in eradicating endemic diseases such as AIDS that affect humans. Moreover, since the unborn are denied the chance to life, a nation also loses its potential man power. On the other hand, if a country does not allow abortion, substandard clinics with no permits will emerge, and a lot of revenues will not be collected.
Abortion has numerous social effects including immorality that is manifested in irresponsible sexual behavior. Abortion is used as a remedy for unwanted pregnancies in countries where it is practiced. on the other hand, it can be justified where conception is as a result of incest, rape or when the life of the mother is endangered. It has also been noted that abortion is widespread due to moral decay and pro life advocates should, therefore, strive to eliminate the vice.
Abortion can cause serious health problems to women. For instance, a lot of blood can be lost in the process of administering abortion. This may culminate into health complications, and in extreme cases, it may cause maternal mortality. “Although the issue of saving the mother’s life is better defended, the negative effects of abortion outweigh its benefits, therefore, it should not be practiced” (Rose 89).
Many socities have a hard line position on matters related to upholding their ethical standards. For instance, in the Muslim culture, a woman must seek spousal, medical and state permission before procuring an abortion. As such, it is only prudent to campaign against the vice in areas where abortion is legalized in line with valuing human life, and upholding cultural values. Encouraging abortion would result in irresponsible sexual behavior that leads to unwanted pregnancy. “Since abortion results into the killing of the unborn, it should not be allowed because it is not different to other illegal actions that cause harm to humans” (Rose 89).
The above discussion reveals the challenges assoicted with abortion. Indeed, the challenges associated with it outweigh its benefits. This is because abortion can encourage many moral vices, if it is legitimized. Besides this, it will be a burden to the health sector, which is already grappling with many constraints due to inadeaquate funds. Human life should be treasured from the time of fertilization to the time of natural death. The will of the mother should also not be weighed against the life of the unborn. The issue of abortion should be given much attentition by various stakeholders so that its potential consequences can be dealt with accordingly. For instance, they should develop proper measurers that govern the whole process of abortion, and individuals who contradict such regulations should face various penalties.The youth should also be taught moral values in order to help them develop responsible behavior. Therefore, I conclude that abortion should only be permitted on medical grounds, and if it has to be committed for any other reason, the individuals concerned must have valid reasons.