Free Brave New World by Aldous Huxley Essay Sample
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Brave New World is one of the literary productions of Aldous Huxley that presents an amazing story about the purpose of life (Garth, 2002). It also talks about the values that should be widely observed in the societies. It should be noted that Huxley display of themes in this piece of work is phenomenal, extraordinary, and unique, since it reveals his intentions in terms of the message he wished to communicate to the readers. He presents the world in the future as an extremely organized place that leaves the reader anticipating. Thus, this paper attempts to critically analyze and to scrutinize Aldous Huxley display of themes as well as how much they relate to our contemporary society and the human values.
The first theme that comes out strongly in the novel is the theme of commoditization. Huxley visions a commoditized society as a detriment or disadvantage to enhancement of human creativity (Peter, 1986). Human behavior is modified in the novel so that humans strive to consume goods and services in the extreme amounts. This is in the pursuit of stabilizing the community’s economy, since all manufactures will always have work. In Huxley’s dystopia all the people’s thoughts and energy is directed to production, hence all human beings simply follow directions; that is why they cannot have an independent mind. Huxley, therefore, is criticizing the present society as he depicts and predicts a future devoid of individualism (Grath, 2002). This new world discourages the state of controlling powerful and new medical and technological inventions, the hypnoepaedic conditioning, and Bokanoysky process. This relates to our society by showing how much technology have revolutionized our world by bringing modernization advanced technology, and new discoveries to human civilization. The creation of new devices makes the world produce greatly by manipulating the present technological procedures.
The author also employs the theme of dystopia in his novel. This is evident when Huxley fantasizes the future negatively. In this book, the state is too dictatorial, since it is making sure that its people have become mechanical (Watt, 1965). Freedom is replaced with conformity of a person’s right to seek happiness and modern life. I, therefore, think that Huxley is criticizing our modern society where the governments’ power is majorly in the hands of the ordinary people. The people can decide to pass a rule or not, people elect their own leaders and they can also through them be out of power at will and practically the people remotely control the government. He argues that a government that has a major power over a common person is likely to destroy creativity, freedom and anything good in the society.
Thirdly, we have the theme of freedom. Freedom in the Brave New World is greatly delineated by the use of structures and configurations that thwart it. In chapter six, Bernard feels these limits most intensely. When Bernard and Lenina are conversing, Lenina emphasizes that everyone is at liberty to find their own happiness and hence freedom (Grath, 2002). She also states that a drug like soma is a good vehicle to achieve this, since it places people to a contented world, where they do not need to ask questions about why things are conducted in a dictatorial manner with the government or even go against the societal structures. This people are, therefore, simply in a hypnotic state (Watt, 1965). Bernard persists that there is no freedom in that completely. That being free is the opportunity to be you, away from the societal conditioning. Huxley here admits that some structures in our modern society are excellent, since to achieve the same in the novel people must use soma: a powerful drug. Our society gives room for individualism, hence people can explore as much as possible without the need of a drug. Nevertheless, Huxley argues that advertisements are not healthy for the community, since it is a factor in conditioning; hence it keeps people inside predefined constitutions. That nullifies free thoughts, which in the end hampers freedom.
The theme of human impulses also plays a complex role in the novel. To begin with, Huxley proposes that they can both destabilize and stabilize society, as it happened with the issue of sexual activities (Peter, 1986). The people are encouraged and motivated to sleep with as many people as possible and as frequently as they can. Initially in the novel, the organizations such as marriage moderated these desires or impulses (Watt, 1965). These institutions tattered when they could no longer control the urge. By encouraging the acts that were widely condemned by the society and that put an end to the institutions like marriage, the new world leaders have done away with the intrinsic dangers generated by sexual urge. In relation to our modern society, Huxley expresses his wishes that we should hold on morality and discourage behaviors that kill our ethical values. A good from the novel example to illustrate this is Bernard’s desire to control his impulses. His showing these traits frightens the people who are already conditioned to being free with these impulses (Watt, 1965).
Lastly, we have the theme of the power of knowledge. Huxley’s sophisticated world is a community of definitive knowledge. Humans have subjugated nearly all areas of scientific discovery; they control pleasure, death, life, pain, and aging (Grath, 2002). Humans, thus, control the world greatly, since they are well equipped with knowledge; hence they have great honor and power due to the starters of this system in addition to those who work hard to maintain this great discoveries and machinery (Watt, 1965). Huxley also symbolizes that abuse of these knowledge will always lead to failure or downfall, thus serving as a warning to our modern society. He uses references to the character Macbeth used by Shakespeare, who was equipped with knowledge of future and present happenings that permitted him to gain more control and power of his kingdom. This power eventually destroyed him, hence causing his downfall. Characters in Huxley’s novel are also in the dark, since the government controls every event and makes all-important decisions. It is ensured that they remain this way because the day they will gain knowledge that they are being oppressed will be the beginning of the government’s breakdown.
In conclusion, this book portrays humans to have great ability to think; hence they gain aptitude through control. Conditioning has completely replaced free will. The book shows how important humanity is, and it gives a choice between seeking good fortune and happiness and giving up humanity. This novel, therefore, spaces the people who are placed in alienation to reflect themselves. People in this novel are doing everything possible so that they do not acknowledge the truth that they are oppressed; hence they use Shakespeare’s phrases for justification and soma. The motif of alienation provides a conflict to the ornamentation of entire conformity that permeates the world condition. Our contemporary society, thus, leans to many aspects and effects that influence society in this novel.