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NOX is a term used to describe the oxides of nitrogen with mono nitrogen in their formulae. Nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen (iv) oxide (NO2) are the two types of mono-nitrogen. NO and NO2 gas have both acute and chronic effects to both the human health and the environment.
Nitrogen (iv) Oxide (NO2) is a colorless gas. It has a strong odor and is mainly given out by motor vehicles and burning of fossil-fuel. Nitrogen (iv) oxide is a strong irritator of the respiratory system. It therefore, causes asthma and other respiratory diseases.
Acute effects of Nitrogen dioxide
The acute effects of nitrogen dioxide are its effects which occur immediately, or after a short period of time from the time of exposure. These acute effects are irritation of the respiratory tract, eyes, and nose and breath shortness. If the exposure is high, it will lead to diffuse lung and pulmonary edema. Acute exposure to nitrogen dioxide can also lead to acute bronchitis.
Chronic effects of Nitrogen dioxide
Long-term exposure to Nitrogen dioxide leads to develop of chronic bronchitis and increased frequency of respiratory illness, commonly because of respiratory infection. It can also lead to permanent lung damage which eventually leads to chronic lung illness respiratory sickness. Example of respiratory sickness is the emphysema and the bronchitis.
Effects of nitric oxide
Accumulation of Nitric Oxide in the air can cause acid rain. Acid rain is formed when the nitric oxide in the air is converted to acid rain. Nitric oxide also depletes the ozone layer. Nitric oxide is said to contribute to vessel homeostasis through inhibiting vascular smooth muscle contraction and growth.
Nitrogen dioxide and nitric oxide are the NOX nitrogen oxide category of gases. Nitrogen dioxide has the acute effects of irritating respiratory tract and eyes as well as chronic effects causing respiratory illnesses.