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College education is considered as the first step towards a successful career, and presents an opportunity through which an individual can earn a lot more money than if they had not achieved their collegiate degree. This results into an increase in the number of high school graduates enrolling to colleges with the hope that they would establish and build their career. The sad case is that the trade-offs are the enormous costs associated with college tuition. Studies have reported that many students find themselves in enormous student loan debts when undertaking their college educations (Arum and Josipa 47). As a result, students are finding it increasingly difficult to offset their loans after their graduation. Working while in college is perceived as a solution used in making additional money that is needed to cater for the living expenses, increase one’s savings and offset the loan interest. Most students are engaged in part-time works while in college, although there are few who work full-time irrespective of a busy education schedule. In both cases, it is essential for students to take into consideration the benefits and drawbacks associated with working while in college (Orszag 58). Working in college is a crucial decision that can simultaneously make life in college harder or simpler than not working while studying. Having the extra money while in college may sound subtle, but it offers more experience and better references, the truth of the matter is that balancing between work and school turns out to be more than expected in the sense that students are compelled to sacrifice their time and in the end they are forced to make a choice between the studies and work. The fundamental argument is that working while in college is detrimental towards the attainment of academic success.

The significant drawback associated with working while in college is that it consumes a lot of the student’s time, which imposes significant effects on the ability of the student to attend the classes regularly, study adequately and finish all the assignments in a timely manner. Even if the student manages to keep up with the academic work while working, it reduces the time required to relax. In such a case, the student is likely to be burned out because of the hectic schedule. It is essential for students to make sure that they have adequate time to maintain a lifestyle that is balanced prior to making the decision work while in college. Research conducted by Orszag (56) reported that full-time employment has the capability of impairing academic performance. The study pointed out that 55 percent of students for at least 35 hours on a weekly basis performed poorly mainly because of their involvement in work while studying. Students who were involved in full-time working are constrained by work limits on their class schedule, class choices and the classes they attend. In addition, there is a high probability that students working full-time are less likely to complete their studies. On the other hand, college students claim that working while attending college helps in offsetting the student loan; however, working while attending college can be helpful in offsetting the student loans if it increases the likelihood of dropping out of school. The inference that can be made from this view is that working while in college is not beneficial since it increases college dropout rate (Pern and DuBois 78).

The second reason why working while in college is not beneficial is due to the increased stress levels. It is a fact that holding a job and academic work needs commitment, focus, and effective time management. These positive traits serve to increase the student’s stress levels because of the additional responsibility resulting in the less sleep, more worries and issues at school and workplace. Despite the view that additional responsibility increases discipline the outcome of working in college is associated with high levels of stress due to the pressure to prioritize school while at the same time meeting the demands at work. There is adequate empirical evidence that suggests that the effects associated with working while in college varies according to the type of the job such as full-time versus part-time and jobs that are on-campus and off-campus (Orszag 60). The negative effects of working while in college are mainly because hours that are spent on working constrain studying, which may in turn result into low grades and post-college career opportunities that are less attractive. The implication is that working can prolong the time required for graduation. Empirical research proposes that full-time employment imposes negative effects on academic performance while part-time and on-campus jobs enhance academic performance because they encourage college students to remain in school. On the other hand, there is a possibility that working enhances the time management.

Working while studying in college usually results in the need to prioritize between working and academic achievement. Because of the constraints imposed by time and stress, college students normally end up putting much emphasis on either school or work. This implies that the student has to sacrifice academic achievement to succeed in work and vice versa. Employers normally acknowledge that academic achievement received first priority for the student, but the students have to come to terms and be flexible. In cases whereby the student fails to prioritize one at the expense of the other, there is a high probability that such a student will not succeed in both academic achievement and work. The implications from this are that students must take into consideration all the drawbacks and benefits associated with working while in college. Additional money and experience normally turns out to be nice; however, the demands imposed by work and school accompanied with high stress levels have the capacity of dragging down the student. In the worst case scenarios, working college students can work up to exhaustion, drop out of college and sometimes lose the job (Orszag 47).

In conclusion, work is becoming a common phenomenon among students attending college. Research studies indicate that working in college sometimes may not be detrimental, and can be helpful when limited as in the case of part-time and on-campus work. On the other hand, full-time work imposes diverse negative effects in relation to academic performance and enrolment rates. Any college student considering working should take into consideration the effects of the job on academic work, and the effects of school work on the job and whether the student has the capability of handling the ups and downs associated with balancing work and academics. The bottom line is that the drawbacks associated with working in college far outweigh the potential benefits. For instance, working imposes significant effects on academic performance and can result in a college drop out. Working while in college also increases the pressure on the student to balance work and academic, which can result to exhaustion and loss of job in the worst case scenario. There is no need for college students to work when they cannot reap the benefits associated with continued education. College students work to offset the student loans and gain work experience, this is insignificant especially in cases whereby working increases the probability of dropping out of college.

 

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