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Argument refers to a fact or a declaration that something is true. Plato uses a conversation that revolves around Cebes and Socrates to illustrate the immortality of the heart. In the argument, there are processes of learning. For instance, when the two individuals admit that if knowledge acquired at birth was lost and then knowledge was recovered using senses, thus, the process of getting knowledge was simply a recollection.
Having heard many statements and ideas shared amongst the voices it is obvious that the souls appear to be immortal in the dialogue. The souls are said to have acquired knowledge even before the birth of the body as implied by Cebes in his question to Simmias.
Socrates and Cebes are convinced that the soul has existed before the birth of the body, but Simmias is the only person doubting this fact. According to Cebes, many believe in soul’s existence after death. Therefore, when a man dies the soul disperses, and this makes her disappear. The argument further questions how the soul cannot be damaged and is unlikely to come to her end after it has entered the body and gone again. Socrates gives answers to this question by reminding them of their agreement that every living being is created from the dead and that the soul has existed even before the birth.
Socrates challenges Cebes and Simmias by making them ask themselves what is scattered and what they are afraid of. Afterwards, they may continue to think that suffers dispersion is not of soul’s nature. Socrates poses questions by asking about the compound or composite which are supposed to have the natural ability to be compounded as well as the ability of being dissolved. He further says that everything that is uncompounded is the only thing which is indissoluble. Cebes agrees with Socrates’ reasoning. Socrates further states that the uncompounded may be thought to be unchanging, but the compound is ever-changing.
Due to his questions, Socrates convinces other individuals that there are two sorts of existences namely seen and unseen. Therefore, the seen one is changing, and the unseen is not. Socrates persuades Cebes that the body is categorized as seen and soul in the unseen. The soul is also portrayed to be in a communion with the unchanging state called wisdom. The soul is immortal since it has existed before the birth and therefore, it will never change because death is a change. The soul is arguably divine and immortal.
The dialogue between Socrates and Cebes transpires with more facts put on the table to prove that the soul is immortal. Socrates asks candid questions, for example, about the distinguishing matter of nature. Socrates states that essential opposites exclude each other but help in solidifying things. Using numbers, Socrates argues that such a number as “three” will endure annihilation or something than it converts into an even number.
He also shows that not only opposite ideas but also other forms dispute the approach of opposites. The two voices in Plato’s argument agree that the soul will not receive the opposite of what it brings, because the soul brings life. Plato uses two people to approve the soul’s immortality by using the principle which does not admit death. Cebes replies that it is immortal, and Socrates asks whether the soul admits death. The answer to this is unquestionably “no”. Taking into consideration Plato’s dialogue, it is clear that the soul is immortal.