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Mental health refers to individual's emotional welfare. It concerns with the way people think, behave and feel. Mental health also implies lack of mental disorder. According to (Irwin 2008), mental health incorporates the capability of an individual to enjoy life so that he or she can obtain a balance between the life activities and efforts, to attain psychological resilience.
Therefore, mental health can be defined as a state of wellbeing in which an individual recognizes his or her own capabilities in a way that he or she can cope with the common stresses of life, can work productively and can be able to make a contribution to his or her community. Mental disorder or mental health problem on the other hand is a psychiatric condition that is characterized by destruction of a person's common cognitive, behavioral or emotional functioning. It caused by physiological or psychosocial factors. Therefore, individuals suffering from mental disorder need to be subjected to effective mental treatment (43).
People under mental disorder treatment have a right to effective mental treatment
There has been increasing realization of a right to treatment for people who are mentally disabled. The patients have been involuntary devoted to mental health facilities. The rights are based upon the idea that in case patients are confined for treatment reasons, the treatment need to be effectively provided. There has been substantial support for the mental disorder treatment right among legal commentators. Several courts have based the treatment right on such theories as due process, equivalent protection and the avoidance of unkind and strange punishment (Irwin 2008 8).
Mental disorder can affect any one. Irrespective of ethnic group that people belong in, it can affect old or young, male or female, rich or poor individuals. Therefore, effective treatment should be applied to individuals who are undergoing mental treatment since the mental health problem is open to every one. Effective treatment makes people to view mental disorder as a normal and treatable disease. Individuals who are affected and are under treatment will therefore have hopes of becoming well and continue with their normal lives. In United Kingdom, over a quarter million individuals are usually admitted in psychiatric hospitals every year and each year more than four thousand of these people normally kill themselves. These individuals usually come from all walks of life (Irwin 2008).
Irwin (2008) argues that People under mental disorder treatment have the right to effective treatment because the treatment entails a full mental and physical health assessment and a personalized treatment plan which might incorporate psychotherapy, medication or other modalities. Effective mental treatment assists patients to understand their illness and what they are able to do to resolve problems of life that can lead to mental disorder. This may entail matters in their jobs, in school or within their family and community. For psychiatrist to be able to provide effective treatment, they need to know the importance of working within a modified approach for the treatment of the patient's requirements. They need to undertake a hands-on approach to the entire fabric of the patient's requirements.
The current model of psychiatric care identifies the significance of families as part of the team that can provide effective mental treatment. Enlighten interventions that assist families fighting with child abuse and neglect, community and domestic violence and substance abuse need to be incorporated in the modified effective treatment plan for patients. This kind of mental treatment is not expensive. There is no therefore a need of denying individuals under mental treatment a right for effective mental treatment (Hales 2008 72-4).
Right to effective mental treatment
Extraordinary steps have been made in the mental disorder treatment. The knowledge on how mental disorders are caused has assisted doctors in modifying treatment for the mental problems. As a result, majority of mental problems can now be treated effectively as physical disorders. Therefore, since the effective treatment is now known among the doctors, patients suffering from the mental disorders have a right for effective treatment.
The treatment entails the application of a number of mental health disorder methods. The methods can be categorized as somatic or psychotherapeutic. Somatic treatments incorporate drug treatment and electroconvulsive therapy. Psychotherapeutic treatments incorporate people, family and marital psychotherapy. Behavior treatment techniques and hypnotherapy are some of marital psychotherapy.
As a drug therapy for mental disorders, doctors should prescribe psychoactive drugs with an intention of allowing individuals to practice better judgment in solving their problems. The drugs can be very effective since it can ease emotional pain, it can control the impulses very well, relieve unlikable symptoms and other forms of distress. It can also assist individuals to feel improved about themselves and their lives. Therefore individuals undergoing mental disorder treatment need to have a right to drug therapy (Hales 2008).
The effective mental disorder treatment also entails self help. People with mental disorder need to know the part they should play for them to improve their health. As part of treatment, patients should be taught on how to alter their lifestyle that might include better diet, lower alcohol and unlawful drug consumption. They also need to understand that enough sleep and exercises are able to make differences in their mental health.
The most-successful treatment approaches jointly employ the medications with supportive therapy. The most effective treatment is very essential since without this type of treatment, the consequences of mental disorder to the individual and the society are worse. The disorder can lead to unnecessary disability, substance abuse, homelessness, unemployment, unsuitable incarceration, suicide and wasted lives. The effective treatments for serious mental disorders are currently highly effective. The combination of pharmacological and psychosocial treatments and supports has significantly reduced the symptoms of over seventy percent of the affected individuals and has also improved their quality of life (Hales 2008 78-9).
According to Harles (2008 23-4), managed care is increasingly aiming at mental health services to individuals with particular categories of mental disorders. For instance, legislation has increasingly concentrated financing toward services for individuals with serious psychological disorders, such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective problem, bipolar problem, delusional depression and pervasive enhancement disorder (115).
Treatment is to be aimed on functional disabilities that relate to mental illnesses categories. For instance, treatment of an individual with schizophrenia must be concentrated on variables such as shortages in coping skills, surrounding deficits or family disagreements that contribute directly to the exacerbation of the schizophrenic disorder. It is also important for psychiatrist practitioners to be skilled in categorical and functional evaluation.
In the field of mental health, if individuals diagnosed with a major psychological disorder are proved to be dangerous to other people or to themselves, they can be lawfully forced to go through various treatments that are against their will. In certain jurisdiction, an individual can also be forced to go through treatments if they are verified to be at a threat of becoming a seriously disabled minus treatment intervention. Mental disorder assessments that focus on such criteria depend on subjective understanding of current and past performance, but not on the pathology tests or physical markers that are common to physical health problems (Hales 2008).
Hales (2008) argues that the public normally perceive that the criminal justice system provides preferential treatment to individuals with mental disorder. Previous mental patients who have been entailed with judicial system and law enforcement understand from personal experience that they were handled differently as compared with the way prisoners are being treated. People with mental disorder who lack the capacity to know that they have gone against the law, should be held lawfully responsible for their actions. An ethical care-giver should therefore ensure that effective mental treatment is equally provided to everyone (56).
From our discussion, it is evident that individuals undergoing mental treatment have a right for effective treatment. Since mental disorder can affect any one, all individuals who are under mental treatment should have a right for effective treatment. The effects of mental disorder to individuals are also serious. The disorder can lead to unemployment, violence, suicide, and many more.
It is therefore important for individuals to have right for effective treatment so that they can be protected from these kinds of consequences. Effective mental health treatment entails some mental health disorder methods. The treatment also entails self help that is individuals can learn on how to treat the problem for themselves. Mental disorder treatment entails the combination of medications with supportive therapy.