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In 1971 the movement to support workplaces that are free of smoking for every employee began when Surgeon General Jesse Steinfeld called for a prohibition of smoking in communal places. He stated that people who do not smoke have equal right to uncontaminated and natural air as those who smoke have to what they term as right to smoke. The policies of smoke-free hiring are not exceptional to the United States. The World Health Organization (WHO) started prohibiting employment to smokers in 2005 (Houle & Siegel, 2006).
There are various reasons why companies refusing to hire smokers have a positive influence on the workforce. Organizations experiencing high healthcare costs argue that avoiding employing smokers or requiring the people who smoke to quit jointly will decrease health insurance payments (Johnson, 2006). The strategy to refuse hiring smokers is a primary effort to give good reason for the strategy on ethical grounds. WHO states that this strategy remains as a testimony to the significance of smoke-free livelihood for the health of the public. In the United States, the use of tobacco is the solitary most avoidable source of sickness, disability, and death (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011b).The dangerous consequences of smoking do not stop with the smoker. Even short exposure can be harmful since those exposed inhale many of the same toxins in cigarette smoke as those smoking. Therefore employers who do not hire smokers portray a health concern for employees who do not smoke.
On medical grounds, smoking causes lack of ability to think and reason. Therefore, this linearly naturally damages job performance. People who smoke foreseeably hinder employer health-care fee reduction, by lack of ability to understand their responsibility in causing the augmented costs (Negligent Hiring, 2005).The strategy of not employing people who smoke will do good to the economy, particularly because smoking of cigarette costs organizations more than $193 billion yearly (i.e., $97 billion in lost output and $96 billion in health care expenses) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011a). Cigarette smoking leads to cancer, heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer among other diseases. All these are very expensive to manage so employers would prefer not to take chances by hiring smokers.
Employers who do not employ people who smoke are motivated by their ability to decrease the anger of smokers by non-smokers coming up from the insight that people who smoke take more regular breaks at work and augment the burden of health care on non-smokers (Sandra & Susan, 2006). Employers who do not hire smokers increase the elimination of secondhand exposure of smoke in the work surroundings. Most of the employers do not hire smokers because there is a higher percentage of tobacco-crime population. Employers therefore do not want to employ smokers because of this reason (Negligent Hiring, 2005). Not employing smokers will accomplish an ethical responsibility that businesses have to community by potentially reducing the number of smokers in community and enhancing people’s lives in general (Johnson, 2006).
There will be a low productivity of work because there is lack of teamwork and co-operation among employees who smoke and those who do not smoke. To avoid this situation, employers prefer not to hire smokers. Because of the illnesses brought about by smoking, smokers and those exposed frequently get unwell and would frequently request sick-offs. As a result, the performance of work is always at stake. Therefore employers prohibit hiring smokers. Smoking is harmful to our health.