Free Federal Correction Complex Beaumont Essay Sample
Correctional facilities are part of the criminal justice system that seeks to deter crime, punish the lawbreakers as well as enhancing the adherence to the rule of law. The institutions have the mandate to hold criminals and keep them from the public with the aim of punishing them for their crimes as well as rehabilitating them through programs that empower them socially and economically to facilitate their integration into the society after their release. This essay seeks to examine the Federal Correctional Complex Beaumont about its history, how it is part of a bigger system, the programs offered, their theoretical premise as well as other interesting facts about the prison.
History of the Federal Correctional Complex (FCC) Beaumont
The Federal Correctional Complex Beaumont was built in 1998 as a prison for males in the low, medium security and the penitentiary levels respectively. The complex lies in the Jefferson County in Texas about four miles from the Beaumont City. By 2011, the detainee's population was 6015 with 1531, 1859, 2055, and 570 respectively from the high-security penitentiary, medium security facilities, low-security facilities, and the satellite camps. Regarding the information provided above, the complex, therefore, has been in operation for close to two decades whereby it provides accommodation and correctional programs for thousands of culprits.
Federal Correctional Complex Beaumont as a Part of a Bigger System
The Bureau of Prisons was established in 1930 and mandated to manage all the federal correctional facilities in the United States. The development, therefore, brought all prisons under the control of the Bureau. The bureau manages prisons in five categories, and these are; minimum security prisons, low-security institutions, medium security prisons, and high security/penitentiary prison. The last group is the administrative facilities that hold the pretrial detainees, terminally ill prisoners and the dangerous criminals who may easily escape (Federal Bureau of Prisons Guide). The Bureau, therefore, acts as a large system that manages all prisons in the larger criminal justice system.
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Examples of Programs offered in FCC Beaumont
Bureau Literacy Program
According to the Federal Bureau of Investigations, the FCC Beaumont just like the other bureau prisons offers the literacy program that aims at promoting the development of foundational skills in mathematics, reading and working as per the requirements of the General Education Development Credential that is an equivalent of the high school diploma. The attainment of the credential contributes to the prisoner's pay and good conduct requirements. The programs run from Monday to Friday in classes of 1.5 hours. The programs hence promote the integration of the convict into the society upon the release.
English as a Second Language
As a Bureau of Prisons requirement for federal prisons to offer the English as a Second Language Program, the FCC Beaumont offers English lessons to the prisoners with little or no understanding of the language. The length of the program depends on the prisoners knowledge, and motivation. The classes run from Monday to Friday in lessons on one and half hours. The successful completion of the program is equivalent to 8th-grade level English. The course, therefore, enables a prisoner to communicate in English effectively and thus being in a position to access employment as well as using the public resources with ease.
The Federal Prison Industries Program
The Bureau of Prisons recommends job training for prisoners to equip them with skills necessary in the employment fields. In compliance with the above requirement, the FCC Beaumont trains the prisoners on industrial activities such as tailoring to enable them to develop their careers that will facilitate their employment after the sentence. The FCC Beaumont, therefore, empowers the inmates economically to boost their resourcefulness.
All the bureau correctional facilities including the FCC Beaumont offer parenting programs through directed classes on how the prisoners can improve their relationship with their spouses and children even during incarceration. The program entails classroom lessons as well as family visitations to build relationships. The prison also enables the inmates to serve their parents or families from within the institution. The program thus improves family relationships that promote the integration of prisoners back to the society upon the end of the sentence.
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The Challenge Program
The U.S. Penitentiary Beaumont offers a cognitive-behavioral Treatment for males in the high-security category of inmates. The candidates for the program are those high-security detainees with mental disorders and substance use issues. The learning takes place in community meetings and interactive inmate groups and in addition to mental illness and substance use disorders, the treatment also captures the errors in criminal thinking. The program is meant for prisoners with at least 18 months to their release, and the aim is to develop self-control, positive relationships, and reduction in violence among others. The program thus facilitates the reintegration of former hardcore criminals into the society.
Theoretical Premise of the FCC Beaumont Programs
The programs described in this work seek to empower the prisoners by giving them the academic knowledge, social skills as well as career development in the attempts to promote positive behavioral change. The programs thus seek to address the structural causes of criminal behaviors. The theory that best explains the rationale of these programs is the rehabilitation/reformative theory. The theorists state that no one was born a criminal, but social, economic and environmental forces influence law abiding people to act criminally and with efforts such as education and training, such people can change their conduct positively. The programs offered by the FCC Beaumont, therefore, appear to address the social, economic and environmental factors that influence inmates to break the law and the aim here is to transform their character.
Other Interesting Facts about FCC Beaumont
The prison has not escaped criticism as in some instances it has had some of the employees engage themselves in unethical conducts that violate the rights of prisoners as well as the work ethics. For example, Erick Patrick a forty-two-year-old Chaplain in prison earned himself a conviction for smuggling tobacco and other contrabands into the jail in 2015. Such a case is very sensitive as it taints the reputation of the institution.
The FCC Beaumont was built in 1998 and holds thousands of prisoners. It is part of the Federal Bureau of Prisons that manages the operations of such institutions. The programs offered in prison are; Bureau Literacy Programs, English as a Second Language, Parenting Program, Federal Industrial Program, and the Challenge Program among others. The theoretical premise of these programs bases on the rehabilitative theory that seeks to eliminate the social, environmental and economic factors that influence people to break the law. The Institution, however, has had several cases of unethical practices such as the act of a chaplain who smuggled contrabands in 2015. However, despite the adverse situations, the organization has invested in useful programs that help prisoners to adjust their character.