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The minority youth are represented unduly in the juvenile criminal systems in almost every state of the United States. This happens when the juveniles are involved with the criminal justice system at higher rate than the whites. The youth of the united states comprises of the Hispanics, Asians, African Americans, native Americans and pacific islanders who consist of a two third of the total population of the population of the juveniles. According to a research that was conducted by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency and the Center for Children’s Law and Policy, the minority youth receive unfair treatment than their white colleagues at all the stages of the juvenile justice practice. As a result, the non whites are restrained and sentenced for longer time than the whites juveniles for the same offence. Race is one of the key factors of the unfair judgment among the non white juveniles in the United States (Shaun, 2009).
The United States is the most racially diverse country in the world. Despite the gain in the economic affluence, the success is not shared in a uniform manner across all the societies due to the marginalization of several states. One of the most important aspects that have been due to marginalization of people is the incongruent treatment of people across the entire range of America’s criminal justice system depending on color and their ethnic background. Racial and ethnic inequality promotes public mistrust of the criminal justice system and this hinders the ability to prop up the public safety (Larry, 2008).
Race disparity exists in the criminal justice systems when a segment of an ethnic group in the power of the justice system is better than the percentage of such groups in the universal youth population. The causes of inequality include several ranges of criminal activity such as the legislative policies, law enforcement emphasis on the precise group of people or decision making by criminal justice practitioners who implement the extensive judgment in the justice process at one or more levels in the judicial system(Larry, 2008).
Illegitimate racial disparity in the criminal justice system is as a result of the unequal treatment among the juveniles who are of similar location but depending on the race. In most of the criminal cases disparity results from indiscreet, Personal - or institution-level conclusion that are based n the race. Other causes of racism in the juvenile criminal systems include the structural racism that results from the longstanding discrepancy treatment of the minors with characteristics that are extremely associated with race such as poverty (Samuel, 2011).
The main aspects that address the racial bias in the juvenile justice systems include the following;
Recognition of the nature of racial disparities- the issue of racial inequality in the juvenile criminal justice is one which is built at every level of the criminal justice range that entails from arrest through parole, instead of the result of the actions at any distinct step(Larry, 2008)..
Promote communication across players in all verdict points of the juvenile criminal system-in order to fight the unjustifiable disparity among the minority; strategies are required to solve the problem at each level of the juvenile criminal justice system, this has to be done in a more systematic manner. Without a systemic approach to the race issue on the minority many are the citizens that will continue to be oppressed by the unfair judgment in the legal courts in a democratic country (Samuel, 2011).
The knowledge that what functions to some people at one decision point may not function to others, Each and every decision and conclusion point and element of the juvenile criminal system requires exceptional strategies that depend on the level of race inequality and the specific populations affected by the decisions of that constituent among the minors(Larry, 2008)..
Work in the direction of the legal systemic change. The juvenile criminal System modification is not possible without the informed criminal justice influential willing and in a position to commit their personal and organization resources to measuring and addressing racial differences at every phase of the juvenile criminal justice system, and due to this, the criminal system as a whole is reformed(Shaun, 2009).
Impacts of the racism in the juvenile criminal justice systems are constituted by the each and every level of the criminal system. The judgments that are made at each level contribute largely to the increasing differences in the following justice changes. For instance, in a situation whereby the bail practice outcomes in the detaining of juvenile before the judgment at a higher rate than the white juveniles with similar situations, the non whites will be subjected to unfair judgment at the trial and the sentencing due to the limited or no access to the defense team and the community resources (Samuel, 2011).
The racial differences in the criminal justice among the minors are a representation of the outright rejection of the principle of equal justice. The level of arrest made o the non whites in the United States is higher than on the whites, as a result, due to the unfair justice systems among the minors, the U.S imprisonment rates are at the highest rate in the world. Within the united states, the African Americans are imprisoned seven times ore often than the whites whereas the Hispanics and the native Americans are imprisoned at three times the rate of the European American rate. This is evidence of the effect of racism on the juvenile criminal systems in the United States (Shaun, 2009).