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Rehabilitation as Means of Juvenile Justice System
The juvenile court system has for years been faced with confusion on the appropriate method of punishment to adopt in punishing the juvenile court convicts. While some believe that juvenile justice system convicts should be treated just like any other adult criminal convict, it is widely viewed that despite their convictions the juvenile justice victims are subject to childhood guidance. Towards this, the rehabilitation option to these convict has been presented as the most preferable form of collection. This method is seen as more of character shaping than a punitive way of collection. In this article, the rehabilitation form of juvenile justice will be addressed as the most suitable form of collection to the young convicts. The article will lay special emphasis on why this method is preferred over other methods, the role of this method in law enforcement and the juvenile court processes. Other aspects that the paper will address include probation, corrections, community services as well as intervention programs and some opposing views to this method.
Rehabilitation form of convict collection can be presented as a platform that facilitates the young convict to move back to the community in a contributing perspective (Siegel & Welsh, 2010). To achieve this goal the rehabilitation method of collection makes up various programs. These programs includes the modification of behavior forums, guidance and counseling, work programs as well as the provision to formal education. The main aspect of rehabilitation as a form of juvenile convict collection is that it provides a chance for them to become productive in the society and greatly cuts the cost in punitive means of collection. Considering the tender age of these group of convicts, the rehabilitation method provides and appropriate avenue for the convicts to fully maximize and utilize their productive potential other than serving as a punishment stage. The effectiveness of this form of collection can be gauged by the non recurrence of the offence the convict had committed as they are equipped with more skills and knowledge that enable them to remain occupied and therefore deviate from their criminal behaviors (Martin, 2005). It can therefore be taken that rehabilitation as a means of behavior collection provides the offenders with a second a chance through which the can settle and reflect the effects of their offences to the society as well as on how best they can fit back into the community. In a more critical perspective, rehabilitation alleviates the notion of juvenile convicts turning out to be hardened criminals after completion of their punitive term. In fact, more often than not rehabilitated juvenile offenders turn out to be the character guides and role models among their age mates.
Tangible accounts of rehabilitation victims indicate that the convicts require more serious address especially considering the ages of the offenders (Hess, 2009). While it could simply be opted that the offenders requires dehumanizing punishments punishment to ensure that the culprits tows inline with the society expectation, most of the offenders usually have deep rooted problems that if not addressed results to even greater offences after the complete their punitive sentence. Some of the convict result to their criminal acts as a result of desperation in life coming from a range of causes such as parental negligence, family conflicts, alcoholism, drug abuse, and even health dysfunction such as mental disability cases. When juvenile offenders with such problem are simply subjected to punitive encounters great underlying issues of their cause of offence are ignored and renders the juvenile judicial system a futile process that is only procedural with no tangible results to show.
Rehabilitation as a process in the delivery of justice especially to the juvenile justice system brings with it a number of consequences to the entire process of justice delivery. To law enforcement, rehabilitation is a great cause of relief in a wide perspective (Edwards, 2008). Through rehabilitation the great task of law enforcers is entirely changed for the better as juvenile convicts are transformed to responsible individual who comprehensively understands the cost of criminal offences and up to task in ensuring that there is harmony and productivity in the society. Through rehabilitation programs juvenile convicts are taken through lessons that enable them to learn how to exist in proper conduct in their respective society and avert crime in the society other than only punitive subjections. The conversion of convicts through rehabilitation is a great relief to law enforcers who usually advocates for public awareness on the offences that amounts to crime.
To the court processes, rehabilitation can be termed as the most effective tool of reducing the piling number of cases in their inventory. Rehabilitation has effectively reduced the crime rate in the society and in turn decelerated the number of juvenile criminal cases being filed the courts (Martin, 2005). The process of making punishments from the court has also greatly benefited as judges do not have to dig dip into the archives in order to give the most appropriate punishment to the juvenile culprits. The rehabilitation option has therefore offered an appropriate alternative to the courts as they are served with ready solution for juvenile cases fate. For this reason, rehabilitation has enhanced speedy determination of cases therefore reducing the bulk of court cases as well as speedy court processes.
The rehabilitation programs are an architect that provides for a shorter probation period to culprits. The probation period is usually sectioned into various terms each with a particular objective. The successful termination of each term serves as a marker of the rehabilitation program. The convicts are closely assessed for positive behavioral change and therefore ensure that the desired development is achieved within a short period of time. Through this close monitoring of behavior the probation period is greatly reduced to a period only suitable for remarkable behavior development as opposed to the punitive mode of justice delivery which extends the probation period long after the targeted results have been achieved. The rehabilitation option in juvenile judicial process is appropriate in cutting down the cost associated with probations that lasts for long periods. Rehabilitation can therefore be said to have had a great impact to the juvenile justice systems’ correction targets. Through rehabilitation great strides have been made especially through positive behavioral corrections and overall criminal offences reduction.
One of the notable characteristic of rehabilitation programs as means of juvenile justice delivery is its integration to community services (Hess, 2009). Convicts required rendering services the community as way of preparation to the community set up upon termination of the rehabilitation programmes. Through community services the offenders learn how to live in a community the benefit of harmonious coexistence. The intervention programs in the rehabilitation programs serves as an appropriate platform through which diverse skills are acquired. The skills learnt in the intervention programs of the rehabilitation ably equips the convicts’ important life long ability and helps them to positive living.
The effectiveness of a rehabilitation process however is purely on how the program is managed and the quality of the programs offered in the entire process. This could greatly jeopardize the correction results that the judicial program envisions. The rehabilitation must be served with enough human resource failure to which the process would end in futility.
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