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Symbolism and allegory in Dante’s presentation of the city of Dis (Inferno 8 and 9)
Symbolism involves the use of objects and actions beyond their literal meaning, while allegory entails the use of objects and actions to teach a lesson. In Dante’s presentation of the city of Dis, symbolism is evident in various forms such as the symbolic representations between crime and their representative punishments as portrayed in the eternal fire that burns inside them. The dismal presentation of the city symbolizes the punishments as a form of divine justice. The walled city Dis symbolizes that the sins punished in this circle are serious. For Dante, the city of Dis represents Lucifer and the lower circles of hell. The details describing the city and its surroundings such as moats, watchtowers, high walls made of iron and an entrance that is well guarded symbolizes a citizenry that is prepared for battle (inferno 9 line 77).
Define the relationship between Dante and Brunetto Latini in Inferno 15
Brunetto Latini is depicted as a mentor and a figure that Dante idolizes; as a result, their relationship is characterized by mutual respect and affection. This is because Dante has a sense of gratitude towards Brunetto Latini. Dante is extremely surprised and touched by the ordeal with Brunetto. This helps in defining their relationship since Dante shows significant admiration for what Brunetto has taught him (inferno 15 lines 85-87). Brunetto Latini is portrayed as the teacher of Dante. It is apparent that Dante owes much to Brunetto Latini. Dante dedicates an entire canto to Brunetto, which indicates a celebration of the mutual and respect between their relationship and Dante’s idolization of Brunetto.
Dante's presentation of Lucifer (Inferno 34)
In Inferno 34, intrinsic evil has been personified by Satan, who represents Lucifer. Satan is linked to wickedness and hostility. The final canto portrays the essence of evil, which is portrayed through a horrific image of Satan. Dante’s description depicts that Satan is not just the Medieval Lucifer, the fallen archangel, but also comprises of a complex personification depicted as being corrupt and foul.