Free Effect of Colonialism on South Asia and Africa Essay Sample
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European Colonialism had comparably big impact on the America, South Asia and Africa, as it changed the regions social systems, infrastructures and government structure. This effect is still shown today and will remain as a mark on these regions.
The environmental effects of colonialism were diverse all through the world. It led to the displacement of millions of small social groups when the colonizers drew haphazard illogical lines on the colonial maps. Industrial development troubled the unspoiled environment of formerly undamaged regions; the societies were reinstated by British investors and businessmen. Whilst slavery had gone out of favor some time ago, Asian and African and women and men were viewed as cheap labor for the British factories; as a result, slavery conditions endured.
Colonialism in Asia introduced modern concepts and Western ideas to Asians. Some of these new ideas included the state of the nation, its associated technical structure, human rights, and education for motivated youth in political speculation, new perspectives and economic opportunities on religion. All these advancements served to alter the nature of life in Asia countries.
There is a very important relationship between stability, peace and economic development, and this is seen in Africa, where grouping, subjective division, and using one tribe or cultural group against another by British powers during colonization has left hostilities and frictions among countries, ethnic groups or even tribes. Peace and stability has never prevailed in many countries of the African continent since they got independence from the British. These situations drain the Africa’s efforts to expand its economy and drag the economy instead. Fighting for control of regime, political instability, and wealth created instability in humans’ daily life in Africa. Thousands of people were displaced and their properties smashed as a result of political struggles and unrest bred by colonialism. Consequently, people were constantly on the move and thus could not cultivate food crops. This situation resulted to famine and hunger. The funds, which could have been used to develop the economy, were wasted in an attempt to stop these human provoked disasters. For instance, large amount of funds were used for charitable organizations and mediations of talks intended to maintain peace. Countries such as Uganda, Sudan, Somalia, Chad, provide examples of how political insecurity affected financial development.
The aim of the regime of colonies was to oversee and enforce the achievement of utilization of resources and obligation of the British civilization in Asia and Africa. Indigenous inhabitants were forced out of their productive lands, which they used for cultivating food crops, and they were then disseminated to British settlers and converted into plantations of exotic cash crops such as coca, cotton, vanilla, tea, which were exported to Europe. Africans were obligated to mine the minerals such copper and work in the tea plantations. Taxes were also forced on colonies to be remunerated in cash, which was not easy for traditional farmers to acquire. Together with utilization of resources was the aim to assimilate the African people into British cultures. Traditional practices, beliefs, and norms were despised. Africans were forced to take on British practices and traditions and set theirs aside. Additionally, churches and schools were built in colonies to educate colonial cultures and languages and convert African traditional supporters into Christianity.