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According to Barlow (2007), a psychological disorder which can as well be referred to as a mental disorder is a model of psychological or behavioral symptoms that affect various life areas. This can bring about suffering for the individuals going through these symptoms. The psychological disorders vary from post distressing stress syndrome all the way to general phobias. Some of the psychological disorders are Schizophrenia, Depression, and Obsessive Compulsive disorders.
Schizophrenia can be defined as a psychological disorder which entails harshly disturbed moods, auditory hallucinations, behaviors, and thoughts. For every individual, schizophrenia progresses differently, with other people experiencing only one psychotic incident and advance into living a normal life. Individuals possessing schizophrenia think that their delusions are bona fide and that the entire world is strange. Because of this, it is not easy to communicate with them as well as trying to assist them (Davis, 2003).
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Schizophrenia is usually caused by genetic means. This is to say that, it can be inherited from one generation to another. An abnormality, biochemical in nature, for example neurological deficit or an enzyme defect could be the cause of schizophrenia. Slightly peculiar behaviors are regular at the start of the psychological disorder. Individuals with schizophrenia undergo alterations in talking, behaving, and thinking as well as experience social withdrawal. The other symptoms that these individuals experience are auditory hallucinations as they see the world being strange, paranoia as they perceive threat towards themselves, and illogical thinking (Barlow, 2007).
It is very important to know these symptoms since treating schizophrenia involves tumbling symptoms and minimizing the likelihood of degeneration. Due to development of various new treatments and medications, it is becoming possible that people with schizophrenia are going to lead typical lives. Treating schizophrenia involves lobotomies, psychosocial treatments, and antipsychotic medications.
Depression can be defined as a reaction regarding to a failure in one's life. Examples of these loses are separation, divorce, death which are firm blows to the extent of triggering depression. Some other arousing losses can merely be traumatic, for instance loss of self-identity, innocence, faith, hope. An individual can easily lose the view of his or her self-worth and undergo depression. When some brain chemicals like serotonin, dopamine, and Noradrenaline get abnormally low then the affected person becomes depressed. This is because the chemicals play a very significant role in the change of nerve impulses within the brain. Other causes of depression can be genetic vulnerabilities, stress, perfection, and struggles with some medical conditions for example diabetes (Hollandsworth, 1990).
According to Barlow (2007), the physical signs of depression vary from poor and reduced sleeping patterns to the incapability of decision making. Feelings of helplessness or hopelessness are as well frequent. It very important for an individual to recognize the physical signs of depression since they help in knowing whether they are depressed and therefore take a suitable remedy. Depression affects one's everyday performance and exhausts there interests and energy. Dealing with depression one must spend a lot of energy. An individual finds that those things he or she used to enjoy are now tedious and complicated just because of depression.
It is of most significant to make out the risks and causes of depression and its symptom since they can help one keep away from the disorder. On the person who suffers depression is usually hard, and it's rough on the people who feel affection for him or her. Knowing what to say and how to act can not be easy, particularly when one don't know the source of depression. It will be very helpful to find an excellent psychiatrist whose area of specialization is severe or mild depression.
Obsessive Compulsive disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder can be defined as an anxiety disorder noticeable by disturbing thoughts and recurring behaviors. The term obsessive in obsessive compulsive refers to being invasive; consists of unnecessary thoughts that keep arising, that individuals with disorder of obsessive compulsive can't look as if getting out of their head. Individuals with this disorder repeatedly wash their hands, clean their household items, and take bath now and then; check things several times for example whether the door is closed, the curling iron is unplugged, and the stove is turned off; repeating a name; doing daily activities very slowly; and saving old newspapers (Claridge, 2003).
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Children possessing obsessive compulsive disorder are unlikely to realize since their actions and thoughts are illogical although they devote more than a few hours a day regarding their compulsions. It is most likely that children with obsessive compulsive disorder are intimidated by the peers as these peers don't comprehend the compulsions. Children having the disorder may possibly internalize everything said by the fellow peers, and they suppose that they are foolish or unsuccessful or that they will never be appreciated. Harassment as well amplifies feelings of anxiety, loneliness, and depression (Davis, 2003).
It is very important to make out the symptom since the treatments can be administered earlier. Treatments for obsessive compulsive disorder involve behavior amendment or recommended medication, taking into consideration the situation. The most effective way of treating the obsessive compulsive behavior is the combined treatment method. The tribulations and restrictions that both children and adults having obsessive-compulsive disorder go through are generally due to personality and depression and not the obsessive-compulsive disorder itself. Almost half of the entire population struggles with obsessive-compulsive disorder have a disorder in personality as well, which restricts their social skills and deteriorates their worth of life (Claridge, 2003).