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Free Schizophrenia and Schizotypal Essay Sample

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Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe incapacitating mental illness. It is a type of psychotic mental disorders and is differentiated by symptoms of behavior, thought, and social problems. Thinking problems related with schizophrenia are expressed as psychosis, because the person's thinking is totally out of touch with reality. The person with this disorder may have disorganized behavior, disorganized speech, physically rigid behavior (catatonia), considerably decreased behaviors and delusions (Blais, et al. 2008).

Types of schizophrenia

  1. Disorganized schizophrenia
  2. Catatonic schizophrenia
  3. Undifferentiated schizophrenia
  4. Residual schizophrenia

Causes of schizophrenia

There is no single known cause for schizophrenia. This disorder is a result of a complex group of psychological, environmental and genetic factors.

Schizophrenia symptoms and signs

  1. Delusions
  2. Hallucinations Disorganized speech
  3. Disorganized behaviors
  4. Catatonic behaviors
  5. Inhibition of facial expressions
  6. Lack of speech
  7. Lack of motivation

How is schizophrenia diagnosed?

As it is the case with any mental-health diagnosis, there is no single test that shows that someone has schizophrenia. This disorder is therefore diagnosed by gathering wide-ranging family, medical, and mental-health information.


Positive symptoms of schizophrenia can be treated by various medications that comprise of olanzapine (Zyprexa), quetiapine (Seroquel), paliperidone (Invega), risperidone (Risperdal), ziprasidone (Geodon), aripiprazole (Abilify), and asenapine (Saphis) (Blais, et al. 2008).

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