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Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist responsible not for invention but for making the psychoanalytic theory famous via his neurology ideas of conscious and unconscious minds. According to Sigmund, there is a heavy emphasis on the unconscious part of the mind in a human being as it is the largest part, as a result, individuals who are unhealthy have the absence or lack their own part of the unconscious mind and due to this factor they may suffer from illogical seeking of seeking or a sense of guilt. The unconscious mind entails all the aspects that are not easily accessible and available to the awareness of the mind. These include things such as the human instincts and memories that are just stored at the brain but one cannot bear to think about them, for instance emotions or a trauma. 

On the other hand, the conscious mind is what every individual is aware of at any precise moment; this awareness includes the sense of thoughts, the present perceptions, feelings, fantasies and memories. The aspect of the conscious mind entails the memory that an individual is not thinking about but can be brought into his/her mind. In accordance to Freud, the unconscious mind is the source of every individual's motivations, desires and needs such as sex, food. The objective of the Sigmund theory of consciousness and unconsciousness include the over emphasis on the role of sexuality in the psychological development and experiences of individuals. Second, it has the objective of the insufficient conceptualization of the experiences associated with women (Arnold 51).

Neurosis is the mental and the emotional disorder that affects the part associated with the personality of an individual. This disorder is characterized by several physiological and mental disorders such as symptoms of visceral and reduced level of concentration in an individual. These disorders include aspects such as anxiety, depression or stress, hysterical reactions, general phobias and sexual dysfunctions among others. According to Sigmund Freud, neurosis is as a result of inner conflict in an individual that have the possibility of leading to anxiety. According to his formulation the factors that lead to this disorder are roughly found in the six years of life of an individual in case where the individual's ego has weakness or is afraid of criticism. Freud attributed neurosis to the frustration as a result of sexual drives that are infantile. However; these symptoms also appear among adults as neurotic symptoms (Arnold 52).

According to Freud, the poor attitudes to a child are of the causes for the formation of neurosis in a child. He argued that during the early childhood, the child has drives that are in series and that are not forbidden and hence are permitted to him/her. These acts as impulses of the sexual nature and include the girls that are attracted to their fathers and the boys who are attracted to their mothers, the autoerotic impulses such as masturbation and narcissism and inclinations of homosexuality (Jan 32).

In situation where there are extreme levels of mental conflict, an individual happens to experience impulses which are as a result of one's instinct and are sharply incompatible with the standards desired to be adhered to by the individual. Therefore, it becomes possible to put the impulse out of consciousness in order to get away from it via pretending that it did not exist. This implicates that repression acts as a self defense mechanism for the individual in avoiding inner conflicts. It is vital to note that whatever that is maybe to escape via the defense mechanism is a pretence and just a withdraw from realty which means that it has to come back again. Whatever that is repressed comes back again after sometimes and this leads to the mental and emotional disorder of neurosis (Arnold 52)

Psychoanalysis dispels neurosis; this is due to the designation of psychoanalysis that entails three major aspects that have strong links to the mental and emotional disorder of neurosis. First, psychoanalysis entails a technique of mental investigations in the unconscious part of the brain about how an individual thinks; this is associated with the symptoms of neurosis. Second, a therapy of neurosis was an inspiration from the method of psychoanalysis due to their relation of activities and a systemized group of theories that exists in the unconscious part of the brain about his or her behaviors. Lastly, psychoanalysis entails treatments that are based on both the psychological and emotional illness. By critically looking at the above component of psychoanalysis, one can see the close link between neurosis and the method of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis dispels neurosis via the following procedure (Jan 26).

The Freudian psychoanalysis refers to the type of treatment that involves the verbalized thoughts that entails dreams, free fantasies and fee associations. Via this treatment, the analyst induces the unconscious conflicts that are the major causes of the symptoms and characters to the patient suffering from neurosis. The analyst then does the interpretation of the conflicts to the patient in order to make an insight for the resolving of the identified problems. The specifications ta are concluded by the interventions of the analyst include the confrontation and clarification of the patient's uncontrolled self -defenses inner guilt's and the wishes. Via a deep and critical analysis of the conflicts in the neurosis patient, including the contributing factors to the behaviors of transference of the mixed reactions, psychoanalysis treatment tend to clarify how the unconscious part of the brain of a human being could be a as result of symbolic reactions that are as a result of experiences caused by the current symptoms (Jan 27).

The Osborne's essay "a pilgrimage of sin has adopted some of the Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic concerns, narrator of the essay uses the conscious part of the mind, the narrator for instance in all his essay focuses on what is present and he has awareness of at every present moment (Arnold 51). For instance, in the essay he talks of how the Chinese guys will come around in bars in a state of boredom and order tens of beers, he deviates instantly and talks of hoe the Muslim guys are alcoholic as what they do is drinking all time long.

Along the way, the writer of the essay again employs the conscious mind of the brain together with one of the theology student that he finds along the way and offers a lift in his minivan. Both of them talk about what is present in their minds at that particular time all along in their journey. In the conversation about the Islamic distaste for alcohol, the student seems to have a conscious mind when he says that alcohol is forbidden by the Islam due to its influence. The student continues to talk out what currently is in his mind about how use of alcohol alters the relationship of the individual to himself or herself and that implicates that the individual's relationship to anything else is distorted. The conscious mind continues to dominate the conversation between the two when the students say that is in his mind about drinking alcohol, when he is asked whether he had ever drank alcohol  he says no and adds that he knows that is bad since the Koran has described it to be bad.

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