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Cognitive Behavioral Treatment or therapy is made up of two theories that explain its name. Originally, Cognitive and Behavior Therapies were the only recognized terms and the approach that was applied for each was supposed to address a specific area for clients and those in need. However, with time, the two approaches that were carried out individually faded in to form one term – Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. The reason as to why they have been merged together is because many therapists who deal with this kind of therapy have been using both approaches to improve results of their services to clients. It is believed that one’s personal mind cannot be altered in terms of behavior without altering a certain aspect of their physical behavior. For this reason, physical skills and training has been an effective method that engages the mind and therefore results to an alteration of thoughts and behavior in general.


Cognitive Theory

The power to think, speculate, judge, assess, act, and take caution is vested in the brain. The brain is the processor of information and everything that one results to do originates from the brain. With regards to the activities that take place within us, the brain holds the cognitive portion of our being. For this reason, therapy has taken into account the processes that take place in our minds and has thrived to focus on those when the need to do so arrives. As long as therapy exists, it means that are issues to address and as long as issues keep popping up, therapy will continue to be play.

The behavior of an individual is characterized by the activities that one engages himself or herself in. There are those of us who drink, smoke, abuse drugs, and physically harm themselves. The cause of their behavior may be peer pressure, difficulty in dealing with a traumatic event, and loss of focus in life. As a role of cognitive therapy, it is the duty of the therapist to focus on the mental health of the patient or client so as to rectify the mental activity (Neenan & Dryden 2001). When a reflective approach on the type of behavior an individual is engaged in, the causes are traced back to the mental activity that may have been responsible. After a cause or a probable cause has been identified focus to address the issue is drawn.

For instance, a father of four who has lost a job may result to drinking or abusing drugs due to the fact that he cannot provide effectively for his family. A therapist in this case would not provide a job to this father but would engage his mind in a manner that he would be able to accept the fact that job was lost. To help this kind of client, a therapist will give guidelines on how to redirect time and thoughts into a better course. The course that the client will be redirected to within which he should spend his time allows in the behavior therapy.

Behavioral Theory

Considering the example of the ‘father of four’, most of the activities that he is likely to get involved in are visible and constitute the behavior of the person. For this case, alternative activities can be put in place so as to build up the behavior and switch from the negative to positive activities. On a larger scale, training and involvement in physical exercises is considered an approach to engage the body and mind (Ross, & Lightfoot, 1985). For the case of the body, depression, stress, and other disturbing issues can be reconfigured with exercises and training. These exercises are believed to increased blood flow all around the body and hence resulting to better circulation of oxygen. Oxygen is a crucial entity in the body that regulates the functioning of the mind. For the case of the mind, if training and exercises are administered for a client or a patient, these activities are registered as regular requirements of the body. Once registered, the time that would have been used to do negative or body damaging activities is replaced with time to exercise and train.

Skills are impotent in building the physique of a person and are also important in utilizing the potential one may have. For this reason, a therapist for behavior would reflect the issues that one may be going through so as to tame the negative attributes. A therapist would advise a client who has been a culprit in domestic violence to restrain by taking a walk once a situation that may end with violence presents itself. In this case, taking a walk every time a situation presents itself is the physical intervention that the mind of the person is supposed to register. With the reflexes of the brain and humans in general, a culprit with the behavior to engage in domestic violence would be alerted by his mind that the course he/she is about to take is or may be harmful to him or to other people. For this case, the former perspective of violence as a means of solving or concluding uncertain situation changes and takes precaution before acting (Porporino& Robinson, 1995). 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

With the integration of the Cognitive and behavioral therapies, therapists are able to attend to their patients and clients with a better approach. Engaging the mind and the body is an effective way of restoring the way through which an individual views himself or the world around him. In regards to this, individuals having difficulties in living social or comfortable lives benefit from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.

The therapy in general is supposed to address the mental and physical behaviors of a person. Specifically it addresses issues of behavior change, consideration to change behavior, and prevention for behavior change. Among clients and patients who turn up for this kind of therapy, a considerable percentage of them deal with real life situations where negative affects are registered. On the other hand, there are those of who are recommended for the therapy following certain events in their lives. For example, a child who has grown under the care of abusive parents is likely to emulate this behavior when he/she grows up. The reason as to why this child may emulate this kind of behavior is because he may think that the behavior is right or that there is a certain pleasure drawn from it. With realization of how damaging emulating the behavior may be, one in his free will may seek the help of professionals. If this is not possible, a concerned party may recommend the person to a professional (Taxman &Bouffard, 2003).

The goal of focusing on cognitive and behavior entities in cognitive behavioral therapy is to maximize limit or abolish the chances of having negative thoughts or damaging considerations. As the mind is cleared of unhealthy thoughts, this does not guarantee positive living. That’s the point when training and a course to improve skills are resulted in so that they could keep the mental variables of the individual aligned to focus and reflect on positive perceptions of life.

Use for Adults and offenders

A considerable number of adults find themselves in situations that make their lives miserable. Among these situations are loss of loved ones, being victimized by crime, natural disasters, political wars, economic crunches, and shuttered dreams. As a result these people lose their grip in life in terms of control and sense of precaution and end up being social misfits. Resulting from the losses they may have incurred, these adults change their lives to the negative and results are that they may engage in criminal life or have thoughts of committing suicide. The use of cognitive behavioral therapy in this case is to deal with the issue of negative thinking, unfocused nature, and bad time management (Porporino & Robinson, 1995).

On the justice system, many people have been incarcerated following uncertain crime lives they have led. However, most of these cases are not deliberate as the offenders commit them in their incorrect states of mind. For this reason, the justice system has been offering cognitive behavioral therapy to offenders who have been victims of circumstances. For this reason, those with temper management issues, borderline personalities, split personalities, and suffering from psychotic traumas are treated (Wanberg & Horn, 1983). The treatment aims at reorganizing the thinking patterns of these offenders and lead to them being released to parole.

Use for Juveniles and Delinquents

Children and the young generation are the most affected lot when it comes to psychological problems. With the wake of the 21st century, the world is changing into a digital era where people have access to gadgets are even weapons. Among gadgets are smartphones, handheld computing tablets, personal computers, digital televisions, and gaming platforms. These technologies have had an impact to the youths in that too much violence is advertised and games are made to reflect on violent missions. For the young; violence and crime as fostered by the digital era is a normal way of life. For this reason, may of the youths have involved themselves in violence and crime lives and are at the risk of destroying their future (Taxman & Bouffard, 2003). With cognitive behavioral therapy, they are made to understand the effects of technology and how to embrace is positively. By erasing the perception that violence and crime are ways of life, these youths are driven from probable damaging perception to a state of awareness. With the arrest of cognitive relapses, the youths are deviated from activities that would have led to them being rendered delinquents to positive activities in accordance to their cognitive settings.


Cognitive Behavioral Treatment/Therapy is therapy that merges cognitive therapy and behavior therapy together. The cognitive properties in cognitive therapy include the reflective approach to how people make judgments, how they take life to be, and the rationale they use to make decisions. When the above properties are altered or damaged, the behavior of the individual changes to be negative. So as to reflect on the behavior, psychologically engaging and physical activities are linked together to make cognitive behavioral treatment that is used to help patients or offenders deal with their negative perception of life. Bottom line is that cognitive behavioral treatment is not precisely for the unwell; it is preventive as it is curative.

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