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In the year 2001, on September 11th, there was a series of coordinated suicide attacks in New York City, in the United States of America, as well as in Washington D.C. On the fateful Tuesday morning, close to 7 p.m., Islamist terrorists belonging to a militant Al-Qaeda group hijacked four USA’s passenger jets. They then crashed the two planes into New York City’s Twin Towers that collapsed within two hours after they crashed the American Airlines flight 175 in Virginia as well as crashing the fourth hijacked jet. The United Airlines Flight 93 crashed into a field close to Shanksville, in Pennsylvania. Close to 3,000 people lost their lives. The name 9/11 arose henceforth from the date of the attacks. The post 9/11 G1 bill took effect as from September 10th 2001 and provided financial support mainly for education as well as housing to individuals with about 90 days of service after the day of the attack. It also provided help for the individuals discharged with service-connected disabilities after thirty days. In order for one to be eligible for the 9/11 G1 Bill, one had to have received an honorable discharge.
The post 9/11 G1 Bill has been severally used to refer to the new education benefits. They are also referred to as the 21st century G.1 Bill of Rights or also referred to as the Webb G.1 Bill. When talking about the background or rather the main issues of the bill, it is important to note that the major provisions of this act mainly included a 100% funding of a four-year undergraduate education only to a veteran that has a served on active duty for three years since 2001 September 11th . The act also strongly provides for the given veteran’s ability to transfer his or her benefits to the children or the spouse after serving for exactly ten years. The act also had benefits, like a benefit of eligibility period of close to 15 years after leaving duty and also an annual stipend to cover other educational costs of even up to $1,000 (Budahn, 2011).
Some of the issues or problems of the post 9/11 G1 Bill demonstrate the weaknesses accompanying this act. Some of the benefits promised by this act included the fact that it opened up a completely new generation of the USA veterans to post-secondary education. There are high unemployment rates among vetererans that are even above national lelels. Most veterans opted into joining college with the prospect of securing better jobs. Despite the hopes that had been put forward by the bill, several soldiers ended up coming back home, thereby straining the budget that had been earlier on laid down for their education. This in turn led to an enormous strain, mainly on the veterans’ administration. Several students, therefore, ended up experiencing hinderance in book stipends, tuition payments as well as housing allowances. The situation even aggravated when more veterans returned home after the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. During a speech by the USA president Barrack Obama, he proposed a Job Corps for veterans costing $1 billion. This was directed at streamlining the veterans’ educational benefits payment system as well as for the establishment of emergency relief programs for the Post 9/11 G1 Bill students, who depend on housing allowance to be able to pay all the bills and be able to feed families (Gaytan & Edelman, 2011).
Delays in housing allowance stipends also is another major setback of the post 9/11 G1 Bill. An example is an army veteran attending a school in a major metropolitan area. The army veteran’s tuition is yet to be paid for the spring semester, whereas his housing allowance is yet to be paid. After several calls to the V.A, the army veteran’s calls went unanswered. At the end of it all, the army veteran, who entirely depended on the bill’s benefits ended up experiencing huge house rents as well as dropping out of school (Howell, 2011). The major causes for the setbacks are the huge numbers of veterans that the bill cannot entirely support due to insufficient funds.
The main problem faced under the post 9/11 G1 Bill is the issue of the huge number of veterans returning from wars with the aim of getting benefits stated in the bill. The financial outlining in the post 9/11 G1 Bill has not been able to support all the war veterans therefore most of them end up dropping out of school or also being kicked out of their houses due to the failure to pay rents. For the students, most of them end up not getting sufficient funds for supporting their families or even buying food to sustain themselves and their families. The solution for this problem should involve the financial sector of the federal government whereby they have to provide enough funds in line with the number of veterans, who have gone out for war. This will greatly help to ensure that none of them lacks any benefits, be educational benefits or even housing allowance. Setting aside sufficient funds is the first and mandatory factor in ensuring that the army veterans do nit lack (Whitney, 2011).
A forecasting statement enables the reader to be able to have a clear and an initial sense of the essay’s meaning as well as the organization of the essay. In this instance, a forecasting statement for this case enables the readers to know what lies ahead or rather the future of the situation at hand. The situation here are the problems, facing the army veterans under the post 9/11 G1 Bill. As a result of the problems surrounding this Bill, several recommendations have been put forward, which in my opinion have enabled the army veterans to access their benefits without fail. In my opinion, I strongly believe that the final regulations and adjustments focusing on the post 9/11 bill will improve the current situation of the army veterans and enable them to be fully entitled to their housing allowances as well as their entitlement towards educational costs as well as book stipends. For the students, the adjustments will also enable them not to drop out of school as well as enable them to be able to fend for their families without fail (Whitney, 2011).
The Veteran department in the USA over the past few years has had the ability to make noticeable progress on proper launching of the post 9/11 bill as well as stipulating adjustments towards it. Under the new adjustments, the veteran department is responsible for the payment of tuition fees directly to the institution, mainly on behalf of the army veteran or the dependent instead of sending the tuition fees to the veteran who will in turn make payments personally to the school. This is mainly because the veterans can decide on using their educational benefits for other purposes instead of using them to benefit their future lives. The amount payable depends on several factors, for example the creditable months of service by the veteran himself, their enrolment status, as well as the state in which the institution is located. The students attending online classes have reduced house allowance of up to close to $ 673.50 for the full time students. The benefits of the house allowance are also prorated on the basis of the number of credit hours that each student pursues in each term. The housing allowances are also no longer being paid during the school break periods in order to allow the school children to be able to look for extra work to profit or rather to get their own personal earnings for their families. The veterans on the other hand may also use the benefits given to them for a more huge range of schooling for example the undergraduate through to the doctorate degrees, the vocational trainings, the certificate trainings, the on-job-trainings as well as the apprenticeship programs throughout the USA. The G1 Bill also holds the responsibility of paying all the public tuition in the states up to and including the graduate school. It also pays $17,500 per year for the private school tuition. The changes made basically aimed at not impacting negatively on the students’ life (Budahn, 2011).
The main reasons for the adjustments of the bill was due to the several problems that arose after the first implementation of the bill itself with the foremost problem being the lack of sufficient funds for paying and sustaining the army veterans as stipulated in the bill. After the signing of the bill officially in 2008 by President George W. Bush, the thousands Americans on line of duty in the year 2001 after the attack and those, who served in the Afghanistan as well as the Iraq wars, suffered greatly. To them the bill did not apply and one of the reasons for its’ non-application was the issue on lack of their benefits that the post 9/11 G1 Bill earlier on stipulated. People believe that by the time the Bill takes proper effect on the veterans, it will end up benefitting several other people who have never been deployed to war areas and people, who do not understand the meaning of going for war and returning with disabilities. This is mainly because at the moment, there is no need for one to be deployed to a war torn country in order to benefit from the post 9/11 Bill (Budahn, 2011).
There have however been opposing views to these claims for example some people have greatly benefitted from this scheme despite the problems that accompanied its’ installation. The people, who have greatly benefited are mainly the non-army veterans since the Post 9/11 Bill is currently open to anyone in the country. Some army veterans die in wars without any compensation but then a refuttal to the claims that the post 9/11 bill has not been clearly effective is the fact that several other Americans have however been able to benefit from this Bill (Howell, 2011).
The Post 9/11 G1 Bill’s main aim was to benefit the army veterans who worked tirelessly in ensuring that the country is safe to the point of loosing their lives. The fact that the post 9/11 G1 Bill was later on opened for any citizen to apply was not at all the right idea. This is mainly because it has led to the ignorance of the veterans and their tireless efforts in fighting for their country. The most important factor would have been to first of all work on the main aims of the bill as stipulated from 2001 after the attacks in New York, Virginia and Washington D.C (Gaytan & Edelman, 2011).
To counter argue this, it is important for all the citizens whether belonging to the army or not to be entitled to any benefits of all kinds. All the citizens are equal and deserve equal opportunities. The opposing views on the need to put the benefits of the army veterans first before anyone else fail to put the equal rights of all the citizens in place. The strengths are worthy of merit since everyone has rights to the benefits of the post 9/11 G1 Bill (Gaytan & Edelman, 2011).