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The writer being a person upon whom all persons look up to, Samuel Johnson takes this opportunity to engage his readers according to portray their aspirations through himself. Everyman is or looks forward to be idler even persons who appear to be different from us are rushing to add to our group, as tranquility is the conclusion of conflict, consequently to be idle is the ultimate intention of the active. There is conceivably no designation by which an author can better represent his family to human kind. It is tough to describe man by a sufficient description.
Maybe man possibly will be more correctly distinguished as an idle creature; for there is no man who is not at times idle. It is at any rate a description from which none that shall discover it in this essay can be anticipated; for who can be more idle than the person who reads of the Idler. My response to the essay is thus attuned to read the essay as a mirror of myself and the society. I consequently do not hope to perceive of novel things as the things I read I have seen and heard through my experiences or the experiences of the people in society.
Jonathan Swift uses satire very successful in his essay A Modest Proposal. Swift makes use of satire by offering solutions to the oppression of the Irish by the English. Swift uses exaggerations of epic proportions to give out proposals which are utterly ludicrous in principle. This is what makes it so effective in its intended application. By employing paradox he grabs the attention of the audience. He uses epic exaggerations and satire to put the epic abuses visited on the Irish by the English. The intention is to create anger and a call to action to remedy the situation which he successfully succeeds in doing.
The key metaphorical challenge of this bitingly sarcastic essay is to capture the attention of addressees whose unresponsiveness has been variously tested. Swift formulates his subject matter negatively, compiling an appalling set of morally indefensible positions so as to direct fault and aspersions all over the place. The essay develops through a succession of surprises that at the start surprises the reader and then makes her to reflect critically not only concerning policies, but also concerning values and motivations.