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The story starts in the icy northern waters where the captain travels to the North Pole. Later events occur in England, Geneva, Ingolstadt, the Swiss Alps, and Scotland. The story takes place in the 18th century. The protagonist of the story is Victor Frankenstein who is from Geneva and keen on gaining knowledge. He is interested in science and in his studies he focuses on “the secrets of heaven and earth”. He finally creates a lifeless man that ends up being a monster and destroys Victor and his relatives.
The antagonist, who is the enemy in the story, is the monster created by Victor. It has a yellow skin with clearly visible raised arteries and muscles on it. It secretly hides in de Lacey home and learns how to read. Eventually, he finds Victor’s diary and reads about his experience of creating the monster. De Lacey finds out about it and sends the monster away for good. The monster finally kills Victor and some of his relatives. In the story, one can clearly see how characters create something and later refuse to take their responsibility for it. Victor Frankenstein is a good example of such people who refuse to take responsibility for their actions.
First, Frankenstein creates the monster that hurts so many people. By rejecting the monster he is abandoning his responsibility as the creator of the hideous creature. All the harm the creature does is the result of Victor’s rejection. Even after the monster confesses and asks him for a companionship, Victor is reluctant hence annoying the monster. This results in more deaths and pain for his family and relatives. All this could have been avoided if Victor had taken responsibility for his actions and not run.
When he runs away abandoning the creature, he leaves it confused and it remains all alone with no one to understand or feed him. This action triggered the creature’s anger hence resulting in the massacre. Despite the fact that Victor did not commit the hideous acts, he is solely responsible for the creature’s deeds. Victor should have stayed home and nurtured the creature teaching him the ways of man. This would have prevented the monster from killing people in an attempt to get Victor’s attention.
The idea of abortion in Frankenstein is seen when Victor expresses the idea of hiding the monster. When Victor first sees his creation, he says “I gnashed my teeth, my eyes became inflamed, and I ardently wished to extinguish that life which I had so thoughtlessly made” (Shelly 67). This shows how he hates the creature, which, unfortunately, came out unexpected since it was a monster. The monster also feels the same about itself and says “I, the miserable and the abandoned, am an abortion, to be spurned at, and kicked, and trampled on” (Shelly 231). It wishes that Victor had never brought it into being.
The idea of abortion is also seen when Victor destroys the female monster he created to be a companion of the male monster. This act shows how he aborts his creation while preventing the female monster from living. Victor’s abortion act is symbolically evident when he describes the idea of natural philosophy. He says that he once gave up his former occupation and what he brought into being was a deformed and abortive creature that brought scorn to science. He is disappointed with the idea of natural philosophy and sees it as intellectually ugly.
Cloning is also seen in Frankenstein. The idea of creating a being from a lifeless body is known today as cloning. This can be observed when Victor Frankenstein makes alive a lifeless man that ends up being a monster and destroys Victor and his relatives. Today, scientists use the technology of combining different body parts of random individuals with different cells and genetics to save the life of other people who are in need of those parts of the body. Victor uses a similar idea of cloning to create the monster. This is evident from what he says, “I dabbled among the unhallowed damps of the grave and tortured the living animal to animate the lifeless clay” (Shelley 33). He later realizes that the monster looks ugly. He abandons the creature he had created instead of taking responsibility for his actions by taking care of the monster what would have saved the lives of many people including his relatives.
Mary Shelley introduces the idea of cloning and monstrosity to instill the feeling of disgust and horror in her readers and to stress on the scientific aspect of the world people are living in. Her story allows people to think creatively and believe that one day human beings will create life by recreating loved ones who are dead using simple cells. They will also cure diseases and help couples that are infertile. In the novel, the author uses the cloning idea to show what will come about if cloning is practiced. The use of the monster as a replacement for human clones and a troubled scientist rather than the world community shows the tension people will face if cloning is practiced.
In conclusion, it is evident that Victor Frankenstein is a good example of someone who refuses to take responsibility for his actions. Victor Frankenstein creates the monster that hurts a lot of people, but Victor abandons his responsibility for it when he rejects the monster upon realizing that it is an ugly creature. He also aborts his creation by taking the life of the female monster. This shows how he runs away from his responsibility when he realizes that the cloned creature causes harm to people. He clones the creature from a lifeless body and later abandons it when he realizes it looks ugly. Therefore, it is important to take responsibility for one’s actions so as to save the lives of other people.