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The effect of climate on wetlands, marshlands and bogs is brought by the amount of heat transfer that is generated from the sun and the surroundings. Climate as we know it in this 21st century is the state of weather over a period of three to three and a half decades. The recent and the mostly commonly known entity of the climate change is global warming. The effects of global warming are causing wetlands, marshlands, and bogs to dry up. With this overheating of the earths surface; wetlands, marshlands and bogs tend to dry up. To explain the situation using the first law of thermodynamics; it is clear that energy is never lost but is only transformed from one form to another. When the sun’s heat and the warmth of the ground come to contact with the water in the wetlands, marshlands, and bogs, convectional currents are to distribute the heat. The distribution of the heat around the wetland is due to the fact that the initial heat energy is transformed to both chemical energy and heat energy. The ability of the currents to be formed and to distribute heat is chemical energy (McCarthy, 2005).
Using the second law of thermodynamics, it can be explained that heat energy from the sun and the surrounding warm ground will not make convectional currents immediately. There will be a great amount of heat loss in attaining enough chemical energy before the convectional currents can be formed. It is impossible for heat to flow from a cold body to a warmer body. It is in this situation that the heat transfer has to be made possible by transformation of heat energy to chemical energy. Having attained enough chemical energy, the wetlands, marshlands and bogs end up acquiring temperature change due to the potential of the chemical energy.