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The scientific method allows a researcher to carry out an objective investigation. The first step allows the researcher to ask or define a question. This allows the researcher to find a solution by viewing the problem precisely. The next step engages doing a background research on the problem. In some cases, this is identified as the literature review step. It allows the researcher to attain more knowledge of the issue by reviewing previous knowledge gained of the issue by other researchers. The other step includes the formulation of a hypothesis. In this step, the researcher formulates preliminary explanation of the answers that are applicable to the question. This allows the researcher to look at the question from diverse perspectives hence being more objective on the issue. The hypothesis step is followed by the step engaging data collection. The researcher conducts further research on the issues. The data collected should be analyzed. This step allows the researcher to gather the data in accordance to the hypotheses formulated. The conclusion is then made from the analysis. The findings should then be published so that they are accessible to the targeted audience. Additionally, the researcher should conduct a retest. This is done in the presence of other scientists for the purpose of reviewing, clarification and affirmation (Gauch, 2003).
These steps reduce the influence of prejudice and bias in the experimenting field. Biasness is found in the scientists who have the best intentions as it is present due to cultural and personal beliefs (Gauch, 2003). Inventors and innovators must provide outcomes that have been achieved through objective and standardized processes. This will allow them to prove their outcomes through facts, as opposed to beliefs or intuitions.
Pseudoscience is a collection of practices, beliefs or claims which are put across as scientific, but do not align with valid methods of science. They lack evidence that supports them from a scientific perspective (Gauch, 2003). Pseudoscience fails to conform to the scientific method because the scientific method has it's limits. The people who believe in pseudoscience explain that a finding or observation is not true simply because it cannot be proved through the scientific method. The aim of pseudoscience is to prove an idea. Since the scientific method is characterized by controlled experiments for hypothesis testing, a limit exists. For example, the process evident in the scientific method cannot prove or disapprove the existence of God. Additionally, the scientific method cannot explain the “goodness” or “badness” of a scientific phenomenon (Gauch, 2003). For example, the scientific method can only enable scientists to find the causes and consequences of global warming. It cannot state whether it is harmful. Pseudoscience goes beyond such.
Louis Pasteur was a French microbiologist and chemist, born in December 27, 1822 in Dole, Jura. This is in France. He dies on September 28, 1895. His main discovery entailed realizing the role of alcohol when alcohol soured. Through this revelation, he invented the pasteurization process where such substances as milk are heated in order to kill the moulds and bacteria present, thus a way of preserving them. He also played a role in inventing vaccinations as he invented the first rabies vaccination. Through bacteria, he was able to come up with the microbial fermentation. He also developed and proved the germ theory, a theory that was meant to explain the causes of diseases (Meadows, 1987).
- Gauch, H. G. (2003). Scientific method in practice. New York: CambridgeUniversity Press.
- Meadows, A. J. (1987). The great scientists. New York: OxfordUniversity Press.