Free Intrapsychic and Personal Factors Research Essay Sample
In solving conflicts amicably one has three strategies to solving it, there is a win-win strategy, a win-lose strategy, and lose-lose strategy. However, there are Intrapsychic and Personal factors that affect conflict resolutions which are bias, emotions, and personality (Deutsch, Coleman, & Marcus, 2006). This paper explores the effects of bias and emotions on conflict and its resolution.
When a person does not want to have alternatives of his/her personal belief and cognitions then one is biased. These personal beliefs and cognition that the individual holds on tightly can cause misconceptions and misunderstandings that when undetected or unidentified may block the process of conflict resolutions (Lederach, 2003).
The first bias is the false dichotomy between cooperation and competition this may be irrationally shooting up commitment to initial steps of actions yet it is not the best choice that is to benefit the process (Deutsch, Et al. 2006). This arises from competitive senselessness of prioritizing a win rather than other objectives. It also arises when one tries to find information confirming what one is doing and thus avoiding the challenges at hand.
The second bias is the egocentric bias when one is overconfident on attaining outcomes that favor a person. This may be caused by misperceptions about the outcomes or the person, and also through distorting an individual's perception to favor the bias (Deutsch, Et al. 2006). Judgmental bias has a negative effect on conflict resolution in that there will be no fair judgment since it will be aligned to one side; this makes the other party dissatisfied hence intensify the conflict.
When faced by a conflict individuals are faced by a dominant emotion that is most likely induced to other individuals. Emotions faced may include fear, humiliation, anger, guilt hope, warmth and confidence (Deutsch, Et al. 2006). Fear can lead to individuals avoiding the conflict or countering aggressively or better still lead to agreement through avoiding disasters. Hope in a conflict is mainly linked to the expectations of a better outcome after the process. With hope conflict resolution can be easy since parties hope to end the conflict amicably (Donahue, & Kolt, 1993).
In the case of Darfur conflict it is evident that the conflict has an ethnic bias in that the non-Arab/black African South and the Arabs/Muslim North have continued to fight over resources (Malek, 2005 and Netabay, 2009). This bias aggravates the conflict and has been a major cause of ethnic chaos in many sub-Saharan countries. The conflict flares emotions in that fear of militia makes others fight back while other citizens hope that the conflicts ends and a lasting solution is found.