Malaysia is an Asian country with 13 states and 3 specific territories. It has three types government. They are federal, state and regional. Some of the bordering countries are Thailand, Indonesia and Brunei. On the other hand sea borders are connected with Vietnam, Singapore and Philippines. The geographical area of the nation is 329,847 kilometer squares and it is bordering by Malaysian Borneo, South China Sea and Peninsular Malaysia. The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur. In 2010, the population of Malaysia was 28.33 million. Malaysia is considered as one of the 17 extremely diverse countries on earth with an incredible number of endemic species. It is one of the Asian nations, which is considered as 17th highly diverse county in the globe. The country has got high number of endanger species of animals. Some of the tropical areas including Eurasia and Tanjung Piai are situated in southernmost part of Malaysia. The largest cities of Malaysia are Kuala Lumpur, Johor and Ipoh with the area of 243, 19,210 and 643 kilometer square respectively. Major Malaysian industrial productions are related with rubber, tin, palm oil, natural and agricultural resources and petroleum (Hunt).
Malaysia has different ethnic groups and its demographics are calculated by its population. According to the census report, in 2010, the overall population of Malaysia was 28,334,000. Malaysia is the 41st highly populated country in the earth. According to the 2010 census, there were 7.1 percent Indians, 22.9 percent Chinese and 60.3 percent Malays in Malaysia Currently Malaysian population is growing at a rate of 2.4 percent per annum. 22.5 million Malaysians live in Peninsular Malaysia and 5.72 million live in East Malaysia (Hunt).
Malaysia is a newly industrialized country with open state-oriented economy. The country has 29th highest economy in the world. The country has one of the greatest economic records in Asia. Malaysia has 3rd highest economy in ASEAN. The state plays a significant role in guiding economic activities. Malaysia’s GDP is growing in an average of 6.5 percent every year from 1957 till 2005. In 2011, the GDP (PPP) was $450 billion approximately (BBC).
Malaysian government develops the industrial economy by introducing different concepts, such as the Economic Transformation Programme and Government Transformation Programme. Malaysian economy was based on agricultural and mining sectors, which help the country to develop a multi-sector economy. In 1980s industrial sector was developed and thousands of Malaysian people are employed in industrial fields. In 1997, the country faced economical challenges due to the Asian financial crisis. However, Malaysia recovered the situation in a short time with a GDP per capita of $14,800 (World Bank).
Malaysia exports agricultural and natural resources and petroleum to different countries. Currently, Malaysia employs different local and foreign employees in industrial, agricultural, tourism and scientific research sectors. International trades of the country are performed by the shipping route of Strait of Malacca. Malaysia is one of the largest exporters of rubber, palm oil and tin. Also, manufacturing plays an important role in economy. Tourism is the third largest sector of foreign cultural and financial exchange in the nation (Thomas White International).
The positive sides of Malaysian economy are connected with the manufacturing of industrial goods including rubber, tin palm oil. Malaysia is the world’s largest Islamic financial center. Also, it is one of the three nations that control and regulate the Strait of Malacca. On the other hand the negative sides of economy are related with financial crisis and economic inequalities between different ethnic groups. Malaysia had drastic change in economy in 1997 financial crisis. As a result of financial crisis, the foreign direct investment fell at a huge rate and the country faced a critical situation for several years (The Heritage Foundation).
Malaysia has three different types of government systems. It includes state, local and federal government. It consists of thirteen states that follow constitutional monarchy system. The federal government of Malaysia follows the principle of judicial separation or alteration of powers. It has three branches including legislature, judiciary and executive (May).
Malaysian prime Minister is the head of government system. He controls the federal organizations of the country. The main executive powers of state are under the authority of cabinets. The states are controlled by Chief Ministers. The local government system is maintained by local authorities. Local authorities are considered as the lowest system of government (May).
Domestic and External Issues
Malaysia has different domestic issues, such as environmental and racial issues. Local industries are destroying tropical forests by constructing different factories. Also, the pollution is increasing day by day as a result of massive industrial development.
Malaysia had racial issues in different periods of time. About thirty percent of Malaysian populations are Indian Malaysians, Chinese Malaysians and other ethnic groups and sometimes they have different racial issues (Kuppusamy).
Malaysia has a friendly relationship with most of the foreign countries. The country had some political and economical conflicts with Indonesia in past decades. However, after 1965, the relation between Indonesia and Malaysia are restored by President Suharto (Kuppusamy).
I think till 2020, Malaysia will become an industrially, politically and economically strong country. The country will grow its industrial, agricultural and natural resources more scientifically. Also, experts believe that Malaysia will turn technologies in bid to reach high-income status by 2020.
The above article leads to a conclusion that Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Asia and it is a newly industrialized country with open state-oriented economy. Malaysia is a major exporter of petroleum, tin, palm oil and rubber. The country has the population of mixed ethnic groups. Most of the Malaysian people are employed in agricultural and industrial sectors. The country has some environmental and racial issues. However, government policies help people to overcome those issues.