My Favorite Scientist
My Favorite Scientist My favorite scientist is Aristotle, a philosopher from the Greek origin. He was bone in the 384 BC and his education and trainings was that of the aristocracy. He is among the oldest scientists who have had great impacts in the scientific world. He started his first scientific studies at an island in Asia where together with his friend; they researched about the zoology and the botany of that island.
His writings do not specifically cover one particular subject but cover many disciplines such as politics, biology, music, physics, zoology, and metaphysics among others. Not only did he study this subjects in his own but also made numerous contributions to other studies made by other scientists of his time.
According to Aristotle, the word science had its own definition which differed greatly from the definitions of other scientists. It was all about a subject being either theoretical, practical or poetical, whereby the practical science refers to politics and ethics, poetical science refers to all poetic studies and some fine arts while theoretical science covers metaphysics, mathematic and physics.
What inspires me most in Aristotle’s studies was his ability to deal with different subjects in various disciplines, unlike others scientists who specialize in only one discipline of study. For instance, in the field of physical sciences, he studied zoology, embryology, anatomy, physics, astronomy, geology, geography just to list a few of them. In the philosophical field, Aristotle studied economics, aesthetics, politics, ethics, psychology, government theology and rhetoric. In the field of education, some of the subjects he studied include poetry, literature and foreign customs. His great discoveries and studies in all these fields form an essential part of knowledge which is currently found in the Greek encyclopedia. In fact some modern scientists suggest that in his time Aristotle was perhaps the last known person to discover everything that needed to be discovered.
His scientific discoveries have been the basis for the modern scientific discoveries. For instance, Aristotle had made a claim that in the history of animals, the human males had more teeth as compared to their female counterparts. This generated a lot of curiosity among other scientists and there was need to conduct a study to support this claims. He also made claims that in the animals’ generation, the human females came as a result of the deformities among the human males. Such claims though were later proved to be wrong; inspired other scientists to conduct research studies to provide proof to Aristotle’s previous claims.
He went further to make discoveries about the laws of the earth as he observed the earthly interactions and provided reasons to support his discoveries. Most part of Aristotle’s life was mainly concerned with the study of natural science and the objects found in it. From the simple observations he made, he could come up with some discoveries and had scientific reasons to support his claims.
One of the most interesting discoveries he made was in the field of zoology. His way of classifying living things is still used by modern zoologists. For instance, he was able to classify animals into broad categories; those that have blood and those without blood, what is today referred to as vertebrates and invertebrates respectively. Among those with blood were mammals and humans who gave rise to young ones and the fish and the birds that lay eggs. To the category of animals without blood were mollusks, insects and crustacea which he divided to the shelled and the non-shelled.
He was also able to separate the fish from other aquatic animals and came up with a group he named selachians, which rays and sharks belonged. Some of the discoveries that were disregarded in this field came to be proved in the nineteenth century, approximately 2000 years after his death. He also discovered the ruminant’s four chambered stomach.
To me, Aristotle was more of a genius because most of his discoveries were based on the simple observations he made from the natural environment, which he backed up with some scientific reasoning. Unlike modern discoveries that are supported by technological advancements, there were no scientific equipment during his time and therefore his discoveries were purely from his own minds.
Not only did he specialize in one field of study like the modern scientists, but covered numerous fields and to each, he was to make major impacts. Most of the discoveries made by Aristotle are still applicable today and this he made from just simple observations. This is why I choose Aristotle to be my favorite scientist.