Free Economic Decision Making Principles Essay Sample

The basic principles that inspire individual decision-making involve the consideration that in order to purchase a good or service the cost of something is what you give up getting it. In addition, trade-offs limit an individual’s amount of money thus; there is a need to forego buying a non-necessary good when deciding to pick first the essential goods. Incentive also influences consumers’ decision as it influences a change in consumer behavior, in the way they spend the money. Finally, people make decisions based on the margin benefit and buy goods when it is extremely valuable.

Get a Price Quote:
- +
Total price:

Both the marginal benefits and the marginal costs offer the appropriate measurement of costs and benefits at a definite level of consumption. For example, purchasing new equipment by a manufacturing company the management will check its benefit to the company and evaluate whether they will choose the cheaper product or not. In case the prices of the two products are the same, the executive will choose the one with a higher benefit. The marginal benefits in the purchase of the machine include the efficiency, productiveness and savings on labor cost due to machine use while the marginal costs include the economies of scale as the production level's increases with a lower cost incurred. Incentives, including an after-sales service warranty besides offering a discount led to the decision to purchase the equipment from the dealer. The principles of economics relate to interaction, decision-making, and the mechanisms of the economy as a whole such that as the quantity of money increases the price of goods rises, especially as the government prints a lot of money. Phillips curve expounds that decrease demand for goods due to higher prices of commodity leads to lay off workers thus, results to inflation and unemployment. A country's standard of living will depict its ability to create products.

The market economy is whereby the prices of goods and services are laissez-faire; thus, prices are determined by the interactions between households and firms. While, the government influences centrally planned economy as it makes most economic decisions thus, influences the prices of products. Mixed economy exists as a mix of free-market economy and planned economy. In a free market-based system, people interact voluntarily when buying and selling commodities, while in a planned economic system, interaction is involuntarily as the government controls the market thus; free markets produce higher standards of living, and faster growth in the economy than planned systems.

Individual decision-making in economics is also significantly influenced by external factors, such as societal norms and cultural values. Cultural preferences often shape consumer choices, affecting the demand for certain goods or services. For instance, in some societies, the purchase of environmentally friendly products might be prioritized, reflecting a collective concern for sustainability. Moreover, technological advancements play a crucial role in shaping economic decisions. The rapid evolution of technology can create new opportunities for businesses and consumers alike. For instance, the emergence of online shopping platforms has transformed the way people make purchasing decisions, providing a convenient and efficient alternative to traditional brick-and-mortar stores.

Global economic factors, such as international trade agreements and geopolitical events, also impact individual decision-making. Changes in tariffs or trade policies can influence the availability and cost of goods, prompting consumers to adjust their preferences based on these external economic forces. In addition, the concept of behavioral economics delves into the psychological aspects of decision-making. This field explores how cognitive biases and emotional factors influence choices. Understanding these psychological nuances is essential for policymakers and businesses seeking to predict and shape consumer behavior effectively.

Economic decision-making is not only confined to individual choices but extends to collective decision-making processes within organizations and governments. The allocation of resources, budgeting, and policy formulation are integral aspects where economic principles guide decision-makers at broader levels. Furthermore, the notion of opportunity cost, a fundamental economic concept, emphasizes the importance of evaluating alternatives in decision-making. Considering the potential benefits foregone by choosing one option over another provides a more comprehensive understanding of the decision's implications.

In conclusion, the multifaceted nature of economic decision-making involves a complex interplay of individual choices, societal influences, technological dynamics, global economic conditions, and psychological factors. A holistic approach to understanding these diverse elements is crucial for comprehending the intricate fabric of decision-making in the economic realm.


Have NO Inspiration
to write your essay?

Ask for Professional help