Free Sexual Harassments Destroys Unit Cohesion Essay Sample

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Sexual harassment is any persuasion, offering to manipulate or threatening   the occupation, pay or job of another person in substitute for sexual special treatment or purposeful or frequent odious comments, gestures or physical contact of a sexual naturein a duty related environment or any perform which interferes with an individual's performance or creates a daunting hostile or offensive environment. It is a type of discrimination that drains morale and which impacts cohesion in a negative perspective. Maximum fairness and respect must always be put in place for cohesion to exist .the results of these acts are felt through stress, reenlistment intentions, and physical fitness. It affects the unit's effectiveness, cohesion and goal realization. In this essay i will discuss how sexual harassments  destroys unit cohesion and how policies  and the prevention and response procedures have been put in place to mitigate this cruel vice  among the army. (defence, 2009)

Army's policy clearly states that sexual harassment is illegal and can't be accepted or condoned. Leadership in the army is committed to establishing and maintaining a favorable environment for maximum production and respect for human integrity. It destroys team work and affects combat preparedness negatively. The Army bases its success on mission fulfillment. Successful mission accomplishment can be realized in a free sexual harassment environment for all humans.  The prevention of sexual harassment is the duty of every Soldier and civilian. Leaders set the rules for Soldiers and DA civilians to live by.

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It can be a form of gender prejudice that   involves   undesirable   sexual advances, appeal for sexual favors, and other oral or bodily conduct of a sexual personality. Anyone in a managerial or authority position who uses or condones any form of sexual actions to be in charge of , influence, or affect the vocation, pay, or job of a military member or civilian employee who makes deliberate or repeated unwelcome verbal comments, gestures, or physical conduct of a sexual nature in the workplace is also engaging in Sexual Harassment .Sexual harassment violates acceptable standards of integrity and impartiality required of all ARNG personnel, and interferes with mission accomplishment and unit cohesion.  Sexual harassment is not limited to the workplace, but can also occur in the work related environment.

Sexual harassment is a form of sex bias that involves annoying sexual advances, sexual favors request  and oral or physical behavior of a sexual nature when: submission to such conduct is made either openly or wholly a term or circumstance of a person's livelihood, pay or career; or compliance to or refusal of such demeanor by a person is used as a basis for career or employment decisions affecting that person; or such conduct has the purpose  or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or creates an threatening, unfriendly or unpleasant working atmosphere. The aim of Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program is to strengthen the Army's commitment to abolish incidents of sexual assault using a comprehensive policy that majors on enlightment and prevention, training and education, response, reporting, and accountability. This policy fuels sensitive care and secretive reporting of sexual harassment and accountability for those who commit these crimes. For the purposes of this policy, confidential reporting is defined as allowing a Soldier to report a sexual assault to particular individuals. By reporting the Soldier gets access to medical care, counseling, and victim advocacy, without initiating the investigative process.

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The mission of the Sexual Assault and Prevention Program is to prevent sexual assaults through increasing awareness of the continuous sexual assault in the military, enlightening all service members about sexual assault prevention, and protecting the rights and dignity of victims. Army policy promotes cautious care and confidential reporting for victims of sexual assault .The goals of the sexual assault and prevention program include; creating an environment that reduces sexual assault occurrences, which impact Army officers, Army civilians, and family relatives, and, if an incident should arise, ensure that victims and subjects are treated according to Army policy. Come up with a climate that induces victims to report incidences of sexual assault without fear. Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to train Soldiers. Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims' health and well-being. Ensure leaders understand their obligations and responsibilities concerning response to sexual assault victims, comprehensive investigate allegations of sexual assault, and take necessary administrative and disciplinary action. Sexual assault is an offense that the army cannot uphold. It reduces task willingness by disturbing the ability of the army to work as a team. Every Soldier who is aware of a sexual assault should instantaneously report occurrences. It is not well-suited with Army values and is punishable under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), Federal and local civilian laws... The Army employs exercise, teaching, and awareness to reduce sexual assault, in promoting sensitive handling of assault victims; offering assistance and counseling to victims, holding sexual assault criminals accountable; providing confidential ways for reporting, and reinforcing commitment values of the Army. Army treats the victims of sexual assault victims with maximum fairness, respect, and dignity. It treats reported incidents properly as per the stipulated guidelines.  The information and circumstances of the allegations will be disclosed on a need-to-know basis only.This policy applies both on and off post and during duty and non-duty hours. To working, living, and recreational environments .Victim's use of advocacy services is optional; however, commanders must ensure that victims have access to a well-coordinated, highly responsive sexual assault victim advocacy program that is available 24 hours per day/7 days per week both in the garrison and in a deployed environment. (Andrea.p.Baridon, 1995)

The elimination of sexual harassment within a unit begins with a policy of aggressive and progressive training to identify and prevent inappropriate conduct. Units will carry out progressive, interactive small group sexual harassment training half-yearly. Soldiers must understand what sexual harassment is, ways of recognizing it, means to prevent, procedures report it and the consequences of engaging in sexual harassment... The quality and effectiveness of unit training are of core concern. The most effective approach to training to prevent sexual harassment is through interactive discussion in small groups of mixed gender. Situational vignettes or scenarios should be used to facilitate discussion among unit Soldiers and civilians. Role play is also an effective training means. The training emphasis should be up to the level of the experience and breadth of responsibilities of each target group. Unit commanders should attend this training and evaluate its scope and quality.Unit training for juniors and civilian employees will focus on defining sexual harassment and gender discrimination, sanctions that may be used to punish perpetrators, ways for Soldiers to deal with sexual harassment and techniques of filing a complaint by complaint system.Unit training or professional development training for junior officers, noncommissioned officers and civilian supervisors will reinforce the aforementioned training. In addition, emphasis should be placed on promoting a healthy work conditions within the section or unit as well as on methods for receiving, handling and resolving sexual harassment disputes. Training on the complaint system must include leader responsibilities in processing informal and formal complaints. It must emphasize the prevention of reprisal actions against complainants.

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Prevention is the best means for the reduction of sexual harassment. Leaders must take immediate actions to eliminate any real or expected sexual harassment brought to their knowledge. In some cases, the harasser might not know the conduct is offensive or unpleasant. Be firm, clear, and specific about what is offensive and, if necessary, report the behavior to get the issue resolved. All allegations of sexual harassment ideally should be handled at the lowest level with appropriate seriousness. If not, Soldiers and family members should report it to the chain of command, the Inspector General, or the Equal Opportunity Advisor. It is therefore evident that the various forms of sexual harassment do more harm for the realization of a unit's goals. Proper training and general awareness should be carried out to see to it that the victims of the same crime have justice exercised. (Lafayette, 2010).