Free Relevance of Studying Psychology Essay Sample
Psychology is the study of human behavior and cognitive processes (Abra, 1998). As a discipline, psychology is relevantly applicable as a career option for those with formal advanced training. Such careers include vocational counseling; forensic psychologies who work in the criminal justice system in crime investigation, clinical careers like clinical psychology involving examination and treatment of mental disorders (DeGalan & Lambert, 2006).
Psychology also has career outlets in the field of industrial and organizational set ups. Here, industrial or organizational psychologists work to improve employee productivity and assist in the recruitment of prospective productive employees (DeGalan & Lambert, 2006). Professionals in this discipline also work as lecturers in Universities.
Psychology is equally a science as other sciences. The methods and principles applied in psychology offer justification of this discipline to be classified as a science. A psychological study is founded on the principle of empiricism which is a core component of any scientific discipline (Abra, 1998). Studies and experiments are based on empirical observations. Besides, the science aims at generating knowledge through tested theories and principles. The fact that psychological studies are procedural, replicable and valid justifies the scientific nature of the discipline. Abra (1998) cited that the theories and knowledge generated from psychological studies help to explain and predict phenomena especially human behavior. This in essence is the function of any science. For example, the principles of learning developed through scientific studies based on behaviorism have been practically applied in organizations and in behavior modification.
The scientific techniques applied in psychological studies and practice confirms that this discipline is scientific in nature. Psychologists systematically conduct research with clearly identified dependent and independent variables ( Abra, 1998). Such studies are based on hypothesis and scientifically developed theoretical frameworks. This makes the discipline scientific in method, practice and application. In conclusion, psychology is a scientific discipline that studies human behavior and cognitive processes. The discipline is founded on scientific principles in its methods and practice. As a science, psychology offers broad career options for its specialists and practitioners like any other natural science.
The expansive realm of psychology extends its influence beyond the traditional domains mentioned earlier. One burgeoning field within psychology is environmental psychology, which explores the intricate relationship between individuals and their physical surroundings. Psychologists in this field investigate how the environment affects human well-being, behavior, and overall cognitive processes. For instance, they delve into topics such as the impact of natural spaces on mental health and the psychological effects of urban environments. In the era of technological advancements, a sub-discipline known as cyberpsychology has emerged. Cyberpsychologists examine the psychological implications of technology use, including the effects of social media on mental health, online behavior, and the influence of virtual environments on cognition. This area reflects the evolving nature of psychological inquiry in response to the rapidly changing landscape of the digital age.
Moreover, positive psychology is gaining prominence as a counterbalance to traditional deficit-based approaches. Positive psychologists focus on understanding and enhancing factors that contribute to human flourishing and well-being. Research in positive psychology explores topics like resilience, optimism, and the pursuit of happiness, offering a more holistic perspective on the human experience. In the context of global interconnectedness, cultural psychology investigates how cultural factors shape individual and group behavior. This branch of psychology recognizes the importance of cultural context in understanding diverse perspectives on issues such as identity, social norms, and interpersonal relationships.
In recent years, the integration of neuroscience and psychology, known as neuropsychology, has become increasingly prominent. This interdisciplinary approach examines the relationship between brain function and behavior, shedding light on the neural mechanisms underlying various psychological phenomena. Neuropsychologists contribute valuable insights into understanding conditions such as neurodevelopmental disorders, traumatic brain injuries, and cognitive impairments. In essence, the ever-evolving landscape of psychology continues to unfold with new sub-disciplines and interdisciplinary approaches, expanding our understanding of human behavior and cognitive processes in diverse and dynamic ways.