Free Biotechnology Benefits Society Essay Sample
Science has enabled human beings to improve their lives through discoveries and innovations aimed at enabling man to make positive life changes that could not be achievable without science it. Biotechnology is a branch of applied biology that involves use of living organisms and biochemical processes in daily applications that involve use bio-products. It is also defined as a branch science that involves use of biology and technology on living things to come up with products or do tasks for human beings.
The approach basically involves use of complex modern technological skills to modify living organisms so that they can match with ever changing human needs. Major areas that rely on biotechnology include medicine, engineering, cell and tissue culture, genetic engineering, agriculture and industries among others. In agriculture, biotechnology is widely used in processes such as ripening of fruits, breakdown of compost and in developing new hybrid livestock and crop varieties. In medicine the approach has helped in learning about diseases, conducting their tests and developing their cure. In other areas where biotechnology is used such as in industries, the approach is incorporated together with other activities to create products that are important to human beings.
However, regardless of the concept being new, many criticisms have been received that are hindering its global application especially in agriculture. Researchers argue that biotechnology has promoted usage of herbicides resulting to chemical residues in food crops. The concept is also very expensive and not applicable in developing countries where resources are scarce. However, drastic increase in human needs and desire for man to improve his life has made biotechnology attractive to many people. Consequently, its application is gradually gaining popularity and it is even currently studied as courses in the universities.
The transformative influence of biotechnology extends beyond the realms previously explored, reaching into environmental conservation and energy production. In environmental applications, biotechnology aids in the remediation of polluted sites through the use of microorganisms that can metabolize and break down contaminants. This eco-friendly approach presents a promising avenue for mitigating the environmental impact of human activities. Furthermore, the energy sector witnesses the innovative integration of biotechnology in the production of biofuels. Microorganisms such as algae and bacteria are manipulated to efficiently convert organic matter into biofuels, offering a sustainable alternative to traditional fossil fuels. This not only addresses concerns related to depleting fossil fuel reserves but also contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
The field of biopharmaceuticals represents another frontier where biotechnology is making significant strides. Biotechnological processes are utilized in the production of therapeutic proteins, vaccines, and monoclonal antibodies, revolutionizing the pharmaceutical industry. This approach allows for the development of targeted and personalized medical interventions, marking a paradigm shift in the treatment of various diseases. In addition to its applications, the ethical considerations surrounding biotechnology continue to evolve. As the capabilities of genetic engineering progress, discussions on the ethical implications of manipulating the human genome intensify. Questions regarding the boundaries of enhancement, the potential for unintended consequences, and the equitable access to biotechnological advancements underscore the need for ongoing ethical deliberations in tandem with scientific progress.
The burgeoning field of synthetic biology represents a convergence of biotechnology, engineering, and computer science. This interdisciplinary approach aims to design and construct new biological entities or redesign existing ones for specific purposes. The potential applications range from creating bioengineered organisms for environmental remediation to developing novel biosensors with enhanced capabilities.
In conclusion, the landscape of biotechnology is characterized by continuous expansion and diversification. From environmental remediation to energy production, biopharmaceuticals to synthetic biology, the applications are vast and varied. As we navigate the complexities of this scientific frontier, it is imperative to not only celebrate the achievements but also engage in thoughtful discourse regarding the ethical dimensions and societal implications of biotechnological advancements.