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Teachers everywhere expect to get correctly formatted and properly laid-out papers. The following are some guidelines you can use when beginning to set up a paper. It is much better to apply the right settings from the start. Otherwise, you may find yourself going back to reformat your work.
You should use:
When talking about people, agencies, and/or legislation, use the full names when these are first used. Use the acronym for any agencies in parenthesis after you have written the full name e.g. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
After using people’s names in full upon your first reference to them, you may use their surnames thereafter and refer to any agencies or legislation by their relevant acronyms in the remainder of your paper.
It is recommended to write numbers under one hundred (100) in full.
Endnotes begin on a fresh page at the very end of an essay’s main text. Footnotes are placed at the end of the page where the corresponding reference is. The formatting style for both types of notes is the same.
The note number should be displayed at the very end of a sentence within an essay’s text where a related reference appears, even when the material that is cited is placed at the beginning of the sentence.
Note numbers are always displayed after every other punctuation mark.
Use Arabic-style numbers, for example, 1, 2, and 3 and not the Roman numbering system, for example, i., ii, iii.
Place the word ‘Notes’ rather than ‘Endnotes’ at the top of your endnotes section in a 10 point font in the Times or Times New Roman style.
Use single spacing for note entries and leave two spaces between entries.
The first line of a note should have an indentation.
Do not reuse numbers – add the next sequential number as you create entries, even if a particular reference has been previously used.
Make sure you look for shortened forms of any references that are repeatedly used.
If you want to cite numerous sources in any given note, each should be separated with a semicolon. At a sentence end, do not use more than one note number.
A bibliography section should be started on a new page. Center the word ‘Bibliography’ at the page’s top in a 12 point font in the Times or Times New Roman style. Avoid the temptation to use larger or bold-type fonts for this heading.
Make sure you use the correct type of formatting because the style used for a notes section differs from that used in a bibliography.
The first or initial line of a bibliography entry should use a "hanging" intent, which means the first line begins at the left margin with the next lines indented.
Sources that have no authors should be listed alphabetically by the title of the work within the list of authors rather than on a new list.
Do not separate primary sources from secondary sources unless a tutor requests this.
Common Errors to Watch Out for: